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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social cognition
understanding interactions and why people do things
self esteem
high in preschool years
the concept of "society of children"
the share information as a group to help them move forward as a group
cognitive theory
as children become less egocentric and more concrete in their thinking, they are able to understand themselves and others better
children evaluate themselves using....
social comparison
leanred helplessness
past failures teach them that they can't do things and they learn to be helpless
friendships shift from
big groups to small groups
agressive rejection
due to confrontational behavior
withdrawn rejection
due to anxious/withdrawn
attributional retraining
encourages children to rethink their negative assumptions about other people's motives and intentions
social problem solving
(peer acceptance)
help children devise more thoughtful, creative ways to resolve conflicts in peer interactions
social skills training
(best way to help a child)
teachs specific skills and behaviors to use to improve peer relationships
support interventions
(peer acceptance)
academic tutoring, help understanding and cooperating with classroom rules and work to change peer groups perception of a child
family functions
food shelter clothing
encourage learning
develop childs self esteem
nurture peer friendships
provide harmony and stability
variables that affect succes or failure for children
parenting style

one v. two adults in charge

genetic or legal relationships among housmates

socio-economic status
types of family situations
nuclear (highest succes rate)
single parent
blended familes
grandparent families
adoptive familes
foster familes
parental alliance
genetic investment
financial advantave
single parent familes
90% female head
10% male head

Variables affected:
stability of daily life
stability for younger and older children
sex of child
blended families
if custodial mother or father remarries they become a blended family

life often improves dues to financial issues and self esteem of parent
psychiatric disorders associated with risk factors from stress
severe martial discord
low social status
overcrowding or large family size
paternal criminality
maternal psychiatric disorder
admission chd to local auth.

if only one of those risk than they have no more chance of disorders than normal kids

if two - double
if four - four times as much as if two
helps the child gain confidence by seeing they are good at something
definition of puberty
going from child to adult with the added possibility of reproduction
growth spurts start in the __ and then the __

(disimal, proximal)
changes that occur
lungs expand and gain capacity to sustain amounts of activity for longer amounts of time

acne due to sweat and oil glands developing further
vitamins and nutrients that are deficient in children
Iron in females
concrete vs. piagets view
capable of thinking in formal operations but don't always

some alternate
patterns of thinking
fantasies and fables
imaginary audiences
cognitive and intellectual development in schools
studies done in JH and HS teachers say that they don't have high expectations because the students are lazy the teachers think of themselves as "gate keepers"

and students say that the teachers are more demanding
Ego Involvement learning
cooperative learning, teaming together to find a solution
multiple selves
various intellectual fantasies about what the future might bring if one or another course of action is chosen

sort of like trying on a bunch of hats to see which you like best but doing so with your identity, likes and dislikes, etc.
false self
a set of behaviors that are adopted by a person to combat rejection, to please others, or to try out as a possible self
idenity vs role confusion
when a person is trying to figure out who they are
achieved identity
the point where a person finally figures out who they are
premature identity formation, or when a person adopts a parents or societies roles and values wholesale without questioning or analyzing
negative identity
an identity that is taken as an act of defiance because it is the opposite of what a parent or society thinks or says you can be or are
identity diffusion
a situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or care what his or her identity is
identity moratorium
a pause in identity formation that allows young people to explore alternatives without making final identity choices
gender identity
a persons identification of the self as either male or female with acceptance of all the roles and behaviors that society assigns to that sex
attempt to commit suicide but is unsuccessful
suicide ideation
thinking about commiting suicide
generational stake
the need to each generation to view family interactions from it's own perspective because each has a different investment in the family scenario
parental monitoring
that is, parental vigilance regarding where one's child is
are in the brain that is dedicated to directing the production of hormones via the pituitary gland
sex glands in humans (ovaries in women, testicles in males)