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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cultural Anthropology
The study of human society and culture; encompasses all aspects of human behavior and ideas
Culture
Learned, shared, ideas and behaviors; includes social and economic systems, marriage customs, religion, philosphy...
Ethnography
An intensive study of a single culture and involves field work over a long period of time
Ethnology
the comparison of 2 or more cultures
Fieldwork
Going anywhere , where cultures are found and is studied
Archaeology
Focuses on the life-ways of past cultures by examining material remains; fossils are found through excavation
Physical Anthropology
The study of human biological diversity
Human Evolution
fossil records study how humans evolved
Human Genetics
look at living populations to examine diversity
Human growth and development
Patterns and similarities across cultures
Human biological plasticity
body's ability to cope with stresses, focus on heat, cold, and altitude
Primatology
study of primates to study behavior
Forensics
study of bones and human remains to help with crime scenes
Linguistic Anthropology
studies language in its social and cultural context, across space and over time
Historical Linguistics
how language evolves over time
Sociolinguistics
relationship between cultures
Paleoanthropology
study of time and evolution through fossil record
Bone Biology
study of bone; genetics, development patterns, decay, pattern of movement
Paleopathology
disease and injuries in fossilized skeletons
What is the importance of bones?
Bones find cancer, syphilis, taburculosus, vitamin defficiency, sex, height, and age
Molecular Anthropology
genetic analysis (DNA) to assess evolutionary links to see how closely related diff groups of people
Remote Sensing
ariel photo and satelite images to identify sites
Anthropometry
using measurements of human body parts
Systematic Survey
Gathering info on patterns of settlement over a large area
Excavation
digging through layers and analyzing artifacts
Relative dating
comparative method; (tells which fossil is the oldest rather than give a specific date)
Stratigraphy
fossils that are further down in soil are older
Absolute Dating
exact date, based on concept physical and chemical process that occur in the universe
Carbon 14
average rate of radioactive decay is constant for a given radio active atom; most common form of dating
Used for fossils up to 50,000 years old
Potassium-Argon Dating
Older ancestors, based on same principals of C14. Looks at rate Potassium decays into Argon. 1/2 life 1.31 billion year.
Used for fossils 500,000 years or older
Colonial archaeology
looking at sites that were former colonies. historical archeology have written history
Underwater Archaeology
sunken ships, former solids that are now flooded
Qualitative
interested in getting detailed description as opposed to quantitative
Participant Observation
Living with and studying a culture for a long period of time. Participate in all aspects possible
Interview Schedule
face-to-face, small # of people for long period of time. Quesions are open ended
Key Cultural Consultants
person who you use a lot for information; someone who knows a lot about a certain subject
Genealogical method
Family tree, who they view as a family and why
Life History
ask about life story or town history
Textual Analysis
analyzing text (anything w/language-myths, plays, speeches)
Longitudinal
done over a long period of time
Pre Darwinian Thought
God created everything as it was and ther was no change
Carolus Linnaeus
came up with Taxonomy
Taxonomy
classification of living organisms
Species
group of populations whose members can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
Genus
group of similar species sharing common forms of adaptation can't breed together
Jean-Baptiste Lamark
the environment would effect the shape and organization of animals. Recognized importance b/t animal and environment
Underwater Archaeology
sunken ships, former solids that are now flooded
Qualitative
interested in getting detailed description as opposed to quantitative
Participant Observation
Living with and studying a culture for a long period of time. Participate in all aspects possible
Interview Schedule
face-to-face, small # of people for long period of time. Quesions are open ended
Key Cultural Consultants
person who you use a lot for information; someone who knows a lot about a certain subject
Genealogical method
Family tree, who they view as a family and why
Life History
ask about life story or town history
Textual Analysis
analyzing text (anything w/language-myths, plays, speeches)
Longitudinal
done over a long period of time
Pre Darwinian Thought
God created everything as it was and ther was no change
Carolus Linnaeus
came up with Taxonomy
Taxonomy
classification of living organisms
Species
group of populations whose members can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
Genus
group of similar species sharing common forms of adaptation can't breed together
Jean-Baptiste Lamark
the environment would effect the shape and organization of animals. Recognized importance b/t animal and environment