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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
relative biological effectiveness (RBE), is how much _____ is needed to cause _____
radiation, damage
what is erythema?
skin redness
__REM = ___mSv
10, 100
somatic effects of radiation occurs where?
in the individual
__ is the new worldwide unit
SI
if your under the of 18 your limit is ___rem
0.1
the public is to have no more than __rem
0.1
chromosomal damage is _____ till you pass it on, then it becomes ____
somatic, genetic
___-___rem - effects the gastrointestinal system - nausea, vomiting, fatigue
100-200
___-___rem - fever, hemorrhaging inside
300-600
LD 100/30 ,lethal dose for 100% exposed is ___rems
600
how many thoracic vertebrae are there?
T1 to T12
what is the name of the first cervical vertebrae?
atlas
what are the views of the C-spine?
AP, odontoid, lateral, both obliques
AP and odontoid of the cervical spine are done at __"
40
what is sublux?
when one of the vertebrae are pushed back
on an AP oblique of the cervical spine the central ray angles ___
up
on the dorsal spine it has ____ ____ that are more prominant
tranverse processes
what is the correct order: UGI, IVP, BE
IVP, BE, UGI
what does Po mean?
by mouth
when is x-ray film most senstive?
after exposure
the higher the KvP the _____ the film
lighter
higher KvP ____ scale of contrast
longer
increased density, _____ darkness
increased
more oxygen _____ sensitivity to radiation
increased
immature cells are _____ to radiation
sensitive
what is a contraindication?
reason not to use
the ____ you are the more damage you can get from radiation
younger
you get ____mr from a chest x-ray
.001
______ is radiation that does not reach the film
attenuation
scattered and secondary radiation causes what?
fog
gentic effects of radiation occurs in where?
future offspring of the exposed individual
the annual dose equivalent limit is __ mSv or _ rem
50, 10
the fetus is to have no more than ___rem a month
.05
during the whole term the fetus is to have no more than __rem
0.5
the three cardinal principles of radiation protection is ____, ______,_______
time, distance, and sheilding
(exposure to radiation)
__-___rem - decresed blood cell count
25-100
___-___rem - loss of appetite, malaise (feeling bad), sore throat, diarrhea
200-300
____rem - CNS damage, death within hours
1000
how many cervical spine vertebrae are there?
C1 to C7
how many lumbar vertebrae are there?
L1 to L5
what is the name of the 2nd cervical vertebrae?
axis
where is the rotation point on the cervical spine?
C2 or axis
the lateral veiw of the cervical spine is done upright at __"
72
on a cervical oblique you want to see the ______
foramina (holes)
on the dorsal spine the ____ is where the ribs attach
facet
what are the veiws of the lumbar spine?
AP, both obliques, lateral, and spot on L5