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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is anatomy
Study of structure
"to cut up"
Anatomic Position
Body erect, eyes forward, arms at the side with palms facing forward and feet together
anterior
front
posterior
back
superior (cranal)
above (close to head)
INFERIOR (CAUDAL)
BELOW (NEAR END)
SUPERFICIAL
EXTERNAL NEAR SKIN
DEEP
INTERNAL
MEDIAL
CLOSE TO THE MIDLINE
LATERAL
OUTER
PROXIMAL
CLOSE TO MAIN BODY
DISTAL
OUT ON THE LIMB
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETON?
SUPPORT
PROTECT INTERNAL ORGANS
MOVEMENT (BONES ATTACHMENT SITES FOR MUSCLES)
BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION (MARROW)
MINERAL RESERVOIR (ESP. Ca AND Phosphorous)
OSTEOBLAST
IMMATURE BONE CELL
OSTEOCYTE
MATURE BONE CELL-- MAINTAINS AND MONITORS MINERAL/PROTEIN CONTENT OF THE MATRIX
OSTEOCLAST
"SCAVENGER CELL" DEGREADES OLD/DYING BONE OR USED TO REMODEL BONE
DIAPHYSIS
SHAFT OF THE BONE
EPIPHYSIS
END OF A BONE
EPIPHYSEAL LINE
REMNENT OF THE EPIPHYSEAL PLATE WHERE GROWTH OCCURS
SPONGY BONE
LESS DENSE BUT BRANCHING HELPS IT TO BE STRONGER
COMPACT BONE
DENSE BONE CONSTRUCTED WITH HAVERSION SYSTEMS
PERIOSTEUM
EXTERNAL MEMBRANOUS COVERING OF THE BONE
YELLOW MARROW
MAINLY FAT
NUTRIENT ARTERY
MAIN ARTERY THAT SUPPLIES NUTRIENTS TO THE BONE CELLS
intramembrous growth
fibrous tissue develops into bone
fast, flat bones
endrochondrial ossification
cartilage growth turns into bone
relatively slow
long bones grow this way
process
rough bony prominence
trochanter
large blunt process (only on femur)
TUBEROSITY
LARGE BLUNT OR ROUNDED PROCESS (SMALLER THAN A TROCHANTER)
TUBERCLE
SMALLER BLUNT OR ROUNDED PROCESS
SPINE
SOMEWHAT POINTED BONY PROJECTION
CREST
PROMINENT ROUGH BORDER
FOSSA
SMOOTH CONCAVE SURFACE
FORAMEN
HOLE
HEAD
ROUNDED ARTICULAR SURFACE JOINED TO THE SHAFT OF A BONE
CONDYLE
SMOOTH CONVEX SURFACE JOINED DIRECTLY TO SHAFT OF A LONG BONE
EPICONDYLE
EMINENCE ABOVE A CONDYLE
FACET
SMOOTH SLIGHTLY CONCAVE SURFACE FOR ARTICULATION