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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
conflict
a difference in preferred outcomes in a bargaining situation; always exists
tangible interest
1. territorial disputes
2. economic conflicts
3. control over government
intangible interest
1. religious
2. ideoloical
3. ethnical
irredentism
the goal of regaining territory lost to another state
ethnic cleansing
the act of one ethnic group driving out or massacring groups of people based on their ethnicity
ethnocentrism
the tendency to see one's group in favorable terms and an "out-group" in unfavorable terms
dehumanize
stripping a group of people of their human rights
limited war
military actions carried out to gain some objective short of the surrender and occupation of the enemy
civil war
war between factiosn within a state trying to create, or prevent, a new government for th entire state of some territorial part of it
guerilla war
warfare without front lines
counterinsurgency
efforts to counter a guerilla army
state-sponsored terrorism
the use of terrorist groups by state to achieve political aims, usually under control of the state's intelligence agency
economic conversion
use of former military facilities and industries for new civilian production
military government
military forces control government; most common in third world countries
coup d'etat
seizure of political power by domestic military forces; a change of political power outside the state's constitutional order
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) (1968)
a framework for controlling the spread of nuclear materials and expertise
international norms
the expectations held by state leaders about normal international relations
international organizations (IOs)
interngovernmental organizations (IGO), UN; nongovernmental organizations (NGO), Salvation Army
UN Charter
based on the principles that states are equal under international law; that states have full sovereignty over their own affairs; that states should have full independence and territorial integrity; and that states should carry out their international obligations--such as respecting diplomatic privileges, refraining from committing aggression, and observing the terms of treaties they sign.
UN Security Council
five great powers and ten rotating member states make decisions about international peace and security
UN Secretariat
executive branch led by the secretary-general
blue hlemets
UN peacekeeping force soldiers
World Health Organization (WHO)
provides technical assistance to improve conditions in the third world and conducts major inmmunization campaigns in poor countries
diplomatic recognition
the process of defining the status of embassies and of an ambassador as an official state representative
war crimes
violations of war laws
International Criminal Court
hears cases of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity from anywhere in the world.