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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Regime
A set of principles, norms, rules, and decision making procedures around which state expectations converge in a given issue area.
Collective Good
A tangible or intangible good created by members of a group that is available to all members of the group regardless of their individual contribution to the provision of the good.
Security Dilemma
A situation in which any move that one state makes to increase its security is perceived by other states as potentially threatening and will result in a counter move by other states to increase their own security.
Collective Security System
The formation of a broad alliance in the IR system for the purpose of opposing aggression by any actor.
Theorizing
Watching cycles of recurring phenomena and try to identify reasons that influence that phenomena
Levels of Analysis
Orients the questions we are posing and helps identify the most relevent variables.
What are the 3 types of Levels of Analysis?
Individual, State, and Systems.
Realism
-power motivates all political actions
-States want to survive
Political Power
Ability to achieve the preferred outcome in a bargaining situation.
Thucidides
Realist who tried to explain changes in the balance of power.
Machiavelli
Realist who asked "Why do states fail or thrive?" States will "Get their hands dirty" to save the state.
Hobbes
Realist who stated that Humans are rational. They operate on fear.
Power
the ability to get another actor to do what it would not do; influence.
Resources
Elements that can be drawn on over the long term to get an actor to do what it would not have otherwise done in the short term.
Tangible Resources
*Wealth*, geography, population
Intangible Resources
Education level, Patriotism, Scientific Capabilities, Credibility of Commitments
Capabilities
Allow actors to influence events in the short term.
Tangible Capabilities
Steel, Tanks, Weapons, Effectiveness of soldiers, Machinery
Intangible Capabilites
THe support and legitamacy of the population, Loyalty of the army, Reputation with Allys.
Structural Realism (Neorealism)
State behavior and international outcomes are all driven by the structure of the international system.
Neorealism Assumptions
1. No clear patterns of authority.
2. States are most important actors.
3. States are reational and unitary actors.
4. Security Trumps all other issues.
5. Military is an effective and useable policy instrument.
Unitary
Speak externally with a single voice
Unipolar
One states dominates all other states.
Hegemon
The strongest state in a unipolar world.
Interdependence
Relying on other states for needs/wants
John Locke, Adam Smith
Liberalists
Liberalism
War and injustice are products of corrupt social institutions and misunderstanding, not lust for power
Liberalism Assumptions
1. Individuals are rational
2. progress towards the greater human freedom
3. Central to the realization to progress is cooperation.
4. IP is being transformed by modernization.
Classical Idealism
Subtheory of Liberalism that suggests there is a natural harmony of interests among people. Pursure these interests through the development of a Collective Security System.
Contemporary Liberal Theory
Subtheory of Liberalism that suggests cooperation could be sustained. Order and Stability needs to be promoted. Power does matter. Cooperation flourishes because institutions can be formed for their own self interests.
Democratic Peace Hypothesis
No two liberal democracies have ever gone to war with one another. Liberal Democracies are just as prone to war as any other state.
Marxism/Socialism
The Working class will get together and rise up against the rich and form a government free from class struggle.
Postmodernism
The application of the scientific method is not possible in the social sciences. The social structure is made by the citizens. There is no single objective reality but a multiplicity of experiences and perspectives.
Contructivists
Social Structures shape state interests and identities. Social Structures are composed of shared knowledge, material resources, practices and behavior over time.
Feminism
New insights on political systems based on gender.
Difference Feminists
There are real differences between genders. Men think about sovergnty and power while women think about peace and interdependence.
International System
A set of relations between units structured according to written and unwritten rules of interaction.
States
1. excercise authority over geographically specified territory.
2. permanent population
3. formally recognized by other states.
(full voting and seating rights in the U.N.)
Supranational actors
1. Intergovernmental- global, multiple states
2. non governmental-concerned individuals (Red Cross)
3. Multi National-cooperations go across boundaries for their own interests
Subnational actors
Domestic political organizations, political parties, doesnt have international membership
Sovergnty
States control what happens within their own territory.
Liberal Feminists
Women act the same as men when in a powerful position. Gender equality will increase capabilities.
Postmodern Feminists
Differences between the genders are trivial. Gender roles are changeable. Society needs to deconstruct the roles.
Conflict
Difference in preferred outcomes in a bargaining situation.
Conflicts of Interest
Tangible,
examples:
Territory, control of governments
Irridentism
Goal of reclaiming territory that was lost to another state.
Secession
When a group of people within a state want to break away from that state.