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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Psychometrics/Factor Analysis
Measuring the Mind (SAT)

FA: Clumping/Analyzing relationships (math&reading)

Hierarchial Model: FA - more specific
Cognitive Approach
(unified and multiple intelligences)
Information Processing abilities: mental abilities, related to speed of neurotransmitters

Unified-single-overarchy influence
Diversified-multiple-diff. intell.
Unified Theories:

Galton & Normal Curve
Spearman's g&s factors
Cattell's fluid&crystallized intell
Galton-first attempt to measure mind- passed down through genes
Genetic Origins: sensory descrimination/reaction time (brass)
Mental Speed: fruitless, lacking validity but when collected large amounts of data, bell shape
Eugenics: breeding in a certain way, can make society(mental speed)
Spearman: Develpoed Factor Analysis
g-general mental ability, explains performance on intell test
s-ability for particular kind of test, differences
Cattell: Fluid- ability to perceive relationships indep of previous practices(natural ability 2 reason(ind)
Crystallized: Knowledge/ability derived from previous exp.(cultural pracice,tools)
Multiple Intelligence

Sternbergs Triarchic
analytical: understanded mental operations behind planning/execution
(behavior outside of lab)
Creative-problem solving in env.
Practical: putting ability to use in everyday events
Multiple Intelligence

Intell all over (pro-athlete)
"an inte"-ability that permits indivual to solve problem/fashion product that are valued in a cultural setting.
1) Musical intell.
2) bodily-kinesthetics:athletes,surgeon
3) Logical-math:scientists,prob solvers
4) Leguistics:great writters,exp verbal
5) Spacial:Superior Navig, 3D
6) Interpersonal:others moods
Intrapersonal:great insight in self
7) Naturalist:observe,interact w/
diverse species,recog patterns,biolo
8) Naturalists:Darwin
Stanford/Binet Intell Tests
Luis Terman: mental/chrono X 100
mental: chronological that fits a childs level performance of mental ability
measure of consistancy of test results producing similar results

give 2 same group on different occasions-compare scores
Internal Consistanct
the closer the test-retest comes to a perfect +1.00, the higher the reliability of test
Content Validity
content of test samples broadly across domain of interest
Predictive Validity
predict this outcome adequately (SAT)
construct validity
how well a test applies to a particular theoretical scheme or construct
testing,scoring,interpretation remains the same throughout admin of test
same enviromet/experiences: reliable differences in IQ to inherited factors- genetics
same genes-diff intell scores: enviro is responsible not genes
Twin Studies
search for twins raised together/ seperated @ birth...
effects of enviro are similar for twins raised together but diff when raised apart
Bouchard and McGue
IQs similar in twins no matter enviro
math index represents extent 2 which IQ diff can be accounted for by genetic factors