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64 Cards in this Set

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HAIR

definition
Composed of compressed, keratinized cells
NAILS

definition
originates in the epidermis; white area @ base of nail
lunula or moon
DERMIS

definition
true skin - inner layer of skin
Sudoriferous (sweat) glands

definition
coiled tubular structures
Sebaceous glands

definition
secrete sebum (oil) into the hair follicles
Skin

definition
epidermis:(outer layer)
dermis:inner layer-true skin)
- forms protective covering
- protcts body from waterloss
- regulation of body temp.
HIVE
WHEAL - transitory, itchy, white center, red surrounding
BLISTER
VESICLE - small elevation of epidermas contains liquid
BRUISE
CONTUSION - injury with no break in skin
SCAR
CICATRIX
BOIL
FURUNCLE - painful skin node staph. bacteria in hair follicle
MOLE
NEVUS - circumscribed malformation of skin
HIVE(S)
URTICARIA - itchy skin eruption composed of wheals (related to allergy)
PIMPLE
PAPULE - small, solid skin elevation
WART
VERRUCA - circumscribed cutaneous caused by virus
RINGWORM
TINEA - fungus infection of skin
FRECKLE
MACULE - flat colored spot on skin
ABRASION
scraping away of skin by mechanical process or injury
ABSCESS
localized collection of pus
ACNE
inflammatory disease of skin involving sebaceous glands & hair follicles
ACTINIC KERATOSIS
precancerous skin condition of horny tissue - excessive exposure to sunlight
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA (BCC)
epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. common with excessive sun exposure
CANDIDIASIS
infection of skin, mouth (thrush) or vagina caused by yeast-type fungus
(esophageal candidiasis common in AIDS)
CARBUNCLE
skin infection composed of cluster of boils caused by staphococcal baccteria
CELLULITIS
inflammation of skin & subcutaneous tissue caused by infection leading to redness, swelling, fever
ECZEMA
noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease; redness, blisters, scabs & itching
FISSURE
slit or cracklike sore in the skin
GRANGRENE
death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply
HERPES
inflammatory skin disease; small blisters in clusters
(herpes zoster=shingles)
IMPETIGO
superficial skin condition, pustules caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus
KAPOSI SARCOMA
(cancerous) starting as purple or brown papules on lower extremeties, spread thru skin to lymph nodes & internal organs (seen with AIDS)
LACERATION
torn, ragged-edged wound
LESION
visible change in tissue from injury or disease. includes sores, wounds, ulcers, tumors
PSORIASIS
chronic skin condition, red lesions covered by silvery scales
SCABIES
infection caused by the itch mite
SCLERODERMA
chronic hardening of connective tissue of skin & other body organs
SHINGLES
painful, inflamed blisters that follow the nerve routes
SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (SqCCa)
malignant growth develops from scale-like epithelial tissue. skin appears firm, red, painless bump. from chronic exposure to sunlight
SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS
chronic inflammatory disease involving skin, joints, kidneys & nervous system (other organs as well) remission & exacerbations
BIOPSY (bx)
view of life; removal of living tissue to be viewed under microscope
ADIPOSE
fat, fatty
ALBINO
pigment deficiency (hereditary) in eyes, hair & skin
ALLERGY
hypersensitivity to a substance
ALOPECIA
loss of hair
CYST
closed sac containing fluid of semisolid material
CYTOMEGALOVIRUS (CMV)
herpes type virus causes disease when immune system is compromised
DEBRIDEMENT
removal of contaminated or dead tissue & foreign matter from open wound
DERMABRASION
remove skin scars with abrasive material (sandpaper)
DIAPHORESIS
profuse sweating
ECCHYMOSIS
escape of blood into tissue causing discoloration; a "black& blue" mark
EDEMA
puffy swelling of tissue from accumulation of fluid
EMOLLIENT
agent that softens or smoothes skin
ERYTHEMA
redness
INDURATION
abnormal hard spot(s)
JAUNDICE
yellow tinge to the skin (xanthoderma)
LEUKOPLAKIA
condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, may be precancerous
NODULE
small, knotlike mass that can be felt by touch
PALLOR
paleness
PETICHIA
pinpoint skin hemorrhages
PRURITUS
severe itching
PURPURA
hemorrhages into the tissue, giving skin a purple-red discoloration
PUSTULE
elevation of skin containing pus
ULCER
eroded sore on skin or mucous membrane
VIRUS
infectious agent