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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
____________ made of areolar connective and adipose tissue.
Subcutaneous tissue
___________ the outer layer of the skin,, made of stratified squamous keratinizing epithelium.
Epidermis
___________, the inner layer of the skin, made of modified fibrous connective tissue.
Dermis
____________ contains the accessory structures of the skin, such as receptors and sweat glands.
Dermis
______________ connects the dermis to the muscles and stores fat.
Subcutaneous tissue
___________ where mitosis constantly renews, which forms a barrier between the body and the external environment.
Epidermis
Name the epidermal layer in which mitosis takes place.
stratum germinativum
Name the epidermal layer that is composed of dead cells.
stratum corneum
In the stratum corneum, all that is left of the cells is the protein ____________.
keratin
The stratum corneum is an effective barrier that prevents the loss of _______ from the body and also prevents the entry of ________ and ______________.
water
water
chemicals
If the skin is subjected to constant pressure, a thicker area of epidermis will be formed. In what layer?
stratum germinativum
If the skin is subjected to friction, layers of the epidermis maybe separated, and the _________ will collect in the area and form a __________.
tissue fluid

blister
Langerhans cells are found in the epidermis, but have come from the ____________.
bone marrow
When Langerhans cells phagocytize pathogens, they carry them to ___________ found in ____________.
lymphocytes

lymph nodes
In response to the pathogen, the lymphocytes initate an immune reaction such as the production of _____________.
antibodies
Melanocytes produce the protein _____, which is a pigment.
melanin
What is the stimulus for increased melanin production?
UV Light
What is the function of melanin?
(not to give the skin color)
Protects living skin cellls from further exposure to UV rays.
Merkel cells are found in the ___________________ and are receptors for the sense of ___________.
stratum germinativum

touch
The other name for subcutaneous tissue is the _____________.
Superficial fascia
The subcutaneous tissue is located between the _________ and the __________.
dermis

muscle
The areolar connetive tissue contains many WBC that destroy _________ that have entered ______________.
pathogens

through breaks in the skin
The adipose tissue contains cells that are specialized to store _____ as a source of potenial _________.
fat

energy
State two funtions of subcutaneous fat?
cushion

insulation
The role of the skin in the maintanace of body temp depends upon the ___________ glands and the small arteries called _________.
eccrine/sweat

arterioles
In a _____ environment, the eccrine glands secrete more sweat onto the skin surface.
hot
Excess body heat is lost in the process of ____________ of the sweat.
evaporation
In a cold environment, the arterioles in the dermis will ___________.
constrict
When the arterioles constrict, the blood flow through the dermis will __________ and the body heat will be _________.
decrease

lost
The tissue in the walls of the arterioles that permits vasoconstriction and vasodilation is _____________.
smooth muscle