Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/11

Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Items to be included in intake measurements
Oral liquids - gelatin, ice cream, popsicles, soup, juice, IVs, IVPBs, gastric or jejunostomy feedings, and blood
Items to be included in output measurements
urine, diarrhea, vomitus, gastric suction, drainage from tubes (chest tubes or hemovac)
Type of patients on I&O
post-op pts, pts with elevated temp, pt on fluid restrictions, diuretic or IV therapy, poor intake, pts with medical conditions such as COPD, CHF
Rationale for having a patient on I&O
to ensure fluid homeostasis - check for water loss or retention. to prevent fluid imbalances.
Nurse agency responsibilities when taking care of a patient on I&O
record all intake and output during the time you are responsible for the patient's care, record intake from all meals and between meal feedings, make sure the patient has an I&O sheet at the bedside, if you think pt should be on I&O - initiate it!
Osmolality
the number of osmotically active particles per kilogram of water
Solute
substance dissolved in a solution
Solvent
liquid holding a substance in a solution
Isotonic
fluids that have an osmolality of ECF and do not cause RBCs to shrink or swell. Having the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared.
Hypotonic
fluids that contain a lower solute concentration than plasma (cells increase in size).
Hypertonic
fluids that contain a higher solute concentration than plasma (cells decrease in size.