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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Items to be included in intake measurements
Oral liquids - gelatin, ice cream, popsicles, soup, juice, IVs, IVPBs, gastric or jejunostomy feedings, and blood
Items to be included in output measurements
urine, diarrhea, vomitus, gastric suction, drainage from tubes (chest tubes or hemovac)
Type of patients on I&O
post-op pts, pts with elevated temp, pt on fluid restrictions, diuretic or IV therapy, poor intake, pts with medical conditions such as COPD, CHF
Rationale for having a patient on I&O
to ensure fluid homeostasis - check for water loss or retention. to prevent fluid imbalances.
Nurse agency responsibilities when taking care of a patient on I&O
record all intake and output during the time you are responsible for the patient's care, record intake from all meals and between meal feedings, make sure the patient has an I&O sheet at the bedside, if you think pt should be on I&O - initiate it!
the number of osmotically active particles per kilogram of water
substance dissolved in a solution
liquid holding a substance in a solution
fluids that have an osmolality of ECF and do not cause RBCs to shrink or swell. Having the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared.
fluids that contain a lower solute concentration than plasma (cells increase in size).
fluids that contain a higher solute concentration than plasma (cells decrease in size.