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214 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Atonal
20th century weird sounding music whch does not belong to any key
Blues Scale
A scale used in blues music
Grace Note
A note which is "crushed" on to the beginning of another note
Interval
The distance in pitch between two notes
Melismatic
In singing where a syllable is stretched over many notes
Modulating
Changing key
Relative major
A major key which has the same key signature as a minor key
Relative minor
A minor key which has the same key signature as a major key
Syllabic
In singing where one syllable is sung per note
Tonal
Music belonging to a major or minor key
Trill
Rapid repetition of two notes
Whole Tone Scale
A scale made uf of tones- dreamy sounding
Word Painting
Using music to create a picture in the mind of the listener
Word Setting
Setting words to music
Chords I,IV,V,VI in major or minor keys
Chords most commonly used in a piece of music
Discord/Dissonance
When notes which are played at the same time "clash"
Imperfect cadence
A cadence which makes a piece of music sound unfinished. Eg. The music ends on chord V
Modal
Music which is based on a early form of scale
Modulation to relative major or minor
Changing key to either the major or minor key with the same key signature
Passing note
A discordant link between notes of a chord
Perfect cadence
A cadence which makes a piece of music sound finished. Eg. Chord V to chord I
Suspension
A chord which sounds dissonant against the rest of a chord and then resolves
Tierce de Picardie
A piece of music in the minor key which ends on a major chord
Cross rhythms
When two parts are played at the same time with a different pattern of accents or different time signatures
Groupings in compound time
Notes which are grouped in 3s per beat
Groupings in simple time
Notes which are grouped in 2s or 4s per beat
Alberti bass
Broken chords on the piano played in the classical period
Cadenza
At the end of a piece to allow the soloist to show off
Coda
A section added to the end of a song or instrument to round off
Counter melody
A melody played along side another melody which harmonises with it
Ground bass
A bass part which is constantly repeated whilst upper parts proceed
Homophony
Melody and accompaniment
Inverted Pedal
A pedal note played up high instead of down low
Obbligato
An extra accompaniment or counter melody
Pedal
A note, usually in the bass, which is held on or repeated
Polyphony
Music that has many different melodies all combined
Strophic
Verse and chorus
Through composed
A song which has different music for each verse and no chorus
A Capella
Unaccompanied choral music
Arco
Playing a string insrument with a bow
Baritone
The male voice between tenor and bass
Col Legno
Playing a string instrument witht the wooden side if the bow
Muted
Play with a mute
Counter tenor
Male voice wich reaches higher notes than the tenor voice
Flutter Tongue
Rolling an "rrr" while blowing through a wind instrument at the same time
Fretless bass guitar
A bass guitar with no fret markings, making it easy to slide
Glissando
Sliding from one note to another
Mezzo soprano
Female voice which ranges half way between soprano and alto
Pizzicato
Playing a string instrument by plucking rather than bowing
Register
Distance from the highest note an instrument can play down to the lowest note
Sitar
A guitar-like instrument from India
Slide guitar
Thr guitarist uses a metal tube or bottleneck around his finger and slides it across the frets to change pitch.
12 string guitar
A guitar which has 12 strings instead of 6
Tremolando/tremolo
A trembling effect achieved on a string instrument by rapid repetition of a single note
Tabla
Drum-like instrument from India
Vibrato
A very slight wavering in the pitch of a not which creates a warm tone.
Aleatoric
Chance music
Aria
Song in an opera for a solo singer
Boogie Woogie
Blues style for piano, left hand plays an ostinato and the right hand imporvises
Cantata
A religious opera with scenery and costumes
Chorale/hymn tune
a hymn sung in German
Chorus
A number of singers singing together
Classical
Period stretching from 1750-1810, time of Mozart and Haydn
Country
American style of popular music which features fiddle, banjo, piano, guitar and drums.
Dixeland
New Orleans jazz music, popular for ensemble improvisations and instrumental solos. Performend by a small group of players
Imperssionist
Dreamy sounding music from the 20th Century
Indian
Music originating from India
Minimalist
20th Century music featuring constantly repeated notes with very slight changes.
Oratorio
A religious Opera
Passion
The story of easter
Piborch
Highland bagpipe music
Recitative
Part of an opera that is half spoken and half sung bu a solo singer, very often accompanied. Written to mimic speech patterns, with varying speed and pitch
Scherzo
A joky, fast piece of music.
Soul
Afro-American popular music including elements of blues and gospel; conveys very stron emotions.
Answer
The phrase following the opening phrase of a tune
Ascending
Going Upwards
Broken Chords
Notes of a chord played separately one after the other
Chromatic
A tune or scale with black notes in it
Descending
Going Down
Imitation
Instruments copying one another
Leaping
Music jumps around leaving gaps in between
Major
Happy sound
Minor
Sad sound
Pentatnoic
Music using a 5 note scale
Phrase
A musical sentence
Question
The opening phrase of a tune
Repetiton
Repeated music
Semitone
The distance from a white note to the black note beside it
Sequence
Pattern of notes repeated higher or lower
Stepwise
Moving to the nearest note
Theme
An important tune
Tone
A distance of two semitones
Variation
When the theme is changed slightly
Ornament
Decoration
Accelerando
Getting Faster
Accent
Notes at the beginning of a phrase before the strong beat.
Anacrusis
Notes at the beginning of a phrase before the strong beat.
Beat/pulse
Way of measuring time
Compound
Music with dotted notes E.g. 6/8, 9/8
Down beat
The first beat in the bar
Drum fill
Fancy drum rhythm played round the kit
Off the beat
Music played after the beat, giving it a boucy feel
On the beat
Music played strictly on the beats of the bar
Pattern
A repeated rhythm or phrase
Pause
A note held longer than written
Rallentando
Getting slower
Scotch Snap
Short note followed by a longer note, used in a strathspey
Simple
Music with a time signature like 2/4, 3/4, 4/4
Syncopation
off beat music with a bouncy feel
Up-beat
the note before the first beat of the bar
rubato
playing about with speed. alternating fast/slow
a tempo
return to original speed
baroque
music from the 17th and 18th century
blues
a slow jazz song which is often sad
boogie woogie
an energetic piano style
bothy balads
scottish folk song about work sung by a funny wee man
fanfare
flourish of notes for trumpets to announce the arrival of someone important
gaelic psalm
unacommpanied hymn in gaelic
ghanian
african drum esemble
indonesian gamelan
an indonesian orchestra made up of tuned gongs, drums, metallophones and other purcussion instruments
jazz
syncopated in which inprovisation is often an important part
jig
a fast dance in compound time (jag-a jig).
latin American
music based on dance rythme from south america
march
music for marching to, often eith four beats in the bar
mouth music
sung to nonsence words
opera/musical
a play set to music
ragtime
early form of jazz, usually for piano. E.G the entertainer
reel
a fast scottish dance with four beats in the bar
rock/pop
a type of popular music
romantic
music of the 19th century in which the composer is seeking an emotional effect on the listener
samba
latin american massed percussion, particulary associated with the annual carnival in rio de janeiro, brazil
salsa
fast, latin american dance from cuba
scat singing
improvised jazz singing, e.g. ba da doo de
scottish
music eith certain characteristics originated in scottish
scots ballad
scottish song sung in english
slow air
a slow scottish song
strathspey
a slow scottish dance with 4 beats in the bar and scotch snaps
swing
a style of music used by the big bands of the 1930s and 1940s
vamp
a simple piano accompaniment, "oom cha".
waltz
a dance with three beats in the bar
waulking song
scottish song sung yb woman processing tweed. a thumping soudn can be clearly heard in the back groung
accompanied
instruments in the background
binary
music in two section; ab
canon
a mrlody is played before it is finished another instruments starts playing the smae melody from the start this can happen a gain and again with other instruments joinig in. this results in ther same melody being played at different times.
chord
2 or more notes played at the same time
cluster
notes which are very close together. played et the same time. it si very un pleasant sounding
concerto
music for solo instrument accompanied by the orchestra
descant
fancy melody for voices sung above the main melody
esemble
a group of players or singers
fanfare
flourish of notes for trumpet
harmony
notes which combine with the melody to produce to a pleasant sound
improvisation
music which is made up on the spot. very poopular in jazz music
minuet and trio
dance in 3/4 time
octave
the distance of 8 notes.e.g. from c to high c
ostinato
a group of notes or rythwhich are repeated over and overme
programme music
music which has been composed to set a scene or tell a story
riff
a short tune repeated in jazz or rock
rondo
music in the form ABACABAD
Solo
Alone
Symphony
Music written for a large orchestra
Ternary
Music in 3 sections; ABA
Theme and Variation
A piece of music where the main theme is slighty changed each time it is played
Unison
All singing, playing the same thing
Round
A song is sung. Before the singer has finished another singer starts singing thee same from the start. Eg Frere Jacque
Walking bass
Bass line which moves up by step. Used in jazz and rock n roll
Contrary Motion
2 melodies going on opposite directions
Coda
An extra ending
Acoustic
Instrument which produce their sound with electricity
Alto
Low female voice
Backing vocals
Additional voices in the background
Bass
Lowest male voice
Blowing
Blowing air through a musical instrument to produce a a sound
Delay
An effect where their is a time delay between playing a note and actually hearing it
Distortion
Effect often used on a guitar which changes the tone of a note
Electronic
Instrument whose sounds is produced or amplified by the use of electricity
Electronic drums
A drumkit which uses electricity to make its sounds
Fiddle
The scottish name for a violin
Folk group
Group of musicians playing or singing using traditional instruments
Gamelan
Set of various tuned and un-tuned percussion instruments which originated in Indonesia
Ghanian Drum Ensemble
A drum group from Western Africa
Guitar, Acoustic
Non electric guitar
Guitar, Bass
Electric guitar whch plays low notes
Clarsach
A scottish harp
Jazz group
Group of musicians playing jazz music. Each musicians ,ust be able to improvise. Instruments include piano, saxaphone, clarinet, double bass, trumpet, drums and singer
Latin Percussion Ensemble
A group of instruments from South America which includes agogo bells,bongos, congas etc
Lead Vocals
The main voices in a song
Legato
Notes played smoothly
Military Band
Marching band with woodwind, brass and percussion
Orchestra
A gropu of musicians playing instruments from the four families of the orchestra- strings. Woodwind, brass and percussion
Organ
A keyboard instrument which cand be found in the church
Panpipes
Different lenghts of tubes tied together. Blow through the tubes to make a sound- the shorter tubes make higher sounds and the longer tubes make the lower sounds
Pipe band
Bagpipes and drums
Pop group
A group who sing and play popular music. The instrumets they normally use are keyboards, guitars and a drum kit
Plucking
Getting a sound from a string instrument by pulling the strings with your fingers
Reverb
An echo effect
Rock band
A group who sings and plays rock music. They play on keyboards, electric guitars and drum kit
Slapping
Style of bass guitar playing where the thumb slaps the strings
Scottich dance band
Band for accompanying Scottish dancing with 1 or 2 accordians, violin (fiddle), piano, double bass and drums
Silence
No sound
Soprano
The highest sounding female
Staccato
Notes that are very short and crisp
Steel band
Group who plays drums made from oil drums which have their tops dented so that they can produce different notes
Sustained
Notes that are held on
Synthesiser
Electronic keyboard that produces sounds or changes given sounds
Tenor
High male voice
Wind band
A group of musicians playing woodwind, brass and persussion- NO STRINGS
Chord change
Changing from one chord to the next in a tune
Consonance
Notes played at the same time which sounds good together
Dissonance
Notes which are played at the same time which are harsh sounding
Modulation
Changing key
Vamp
Chordal accompaniant "omm-cha" style
Drone
Low, held on note, often used in bagpipes
Crescendo
Getting louder
Diminuendo
Gettin softer