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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
postabsorptive state
before eating
absorptive state
after eating
absorptive state

fatty acids stored as...
triglycerides
absorptive state

glucose stored as...
fats

glucogen
absorptive state

amino acids stored as...
NOT STORED

permanently converted to fats
post absorptive state

glucose sources
glycogenolysis
proteins
fats
glycogenolysis
glycogen --> individual glucose molecules
gluconeogenesis
creation of new glucose

protein --> aa --> glu
fats --> f.a. + glycerol --> glu
glucose sparing
tissues use fatty acids as alternative energy source
ketone
converted from fatty acid by liver as alternative energy source for brain
islets of langerhans
cell clusters in pancreas where insulin is produced
beta cells
part of islets of langerhans that makes insulin
alpha cells
part of islets of langerhans

produce glucagon
epinephrine
act on body cells

generate glu from glycogen and protein
cortisol
if high levels, signal cells to generate glucose