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25 Cards in this Set

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How many Muslims are there in the world, approximately? And which country has the largest number of Muslims?
1.2 billion worldwide; largest number in Indonesia
What are the five pillars of Islam?
Shahahadah- profession of faith
salat- formal prayer
zakat - tax
fasting during Ramadan
hajj-pilgrimmage to Mecca
Where and when did Prophet Muhammad receive the first revelations?
Mecca, 610
The migration fo the prophet Muhammad and some of his followers from Mecca to Medina in order to escape the increasing hostility toward Muslims in the former is called:
Hijra
Which of the following is not among the sources of Islamic law or doctrine?
Kharijite
In order to overcome regional and individual differences of opinion after prophet Muhammad's death, and to standardize legal theory and practice, the doctrine of ___________ was developed. According ot this if an agreement has been achieved on a specific issue in Islamic law there was no further need to question this agreement.
Ijma
The example of the Prophet, his words and deeds are called:
Sunnah
The complilations of the words and deeds of prophet Muhammad as colelcted by scholars approximately 200 years after his death are known as
Hadith
Which of the following is not a meaning associated with the Arabic word jihad?
deprivation
Pre-Islamic era that Muhammad broke with is usually referred to as jahiliyya, which means
Age of Ignorance
ijtihad means...
thought/interpretation by individual scholars to find a legal solution to a new problem
ra'y...
indidvidual opinon
qiyas
reasoning by analogy
igma
consensus
hajj
pilgrimmage
Archeologists often cite Catal Huyuk, a settlement in Asia Minor dating from around 6000 BC to substantiate which of the following
paintings on the walls of numerous shrines in this settlement prominently featured female figures suggesting women enjoyed an elevated, and some have argued, dominant position
At the very beginning of her book, Leila Ahmed cites Gerda Lerner's classic book The Creation of Patriarchy. How did patriarchy come about according to Lerner
The importance of increasing population and providing labor power in early societies led ot the theft of women who became the first property that tribes competed for
Which of the following was among the major religions practiced in Arabia, and surrounding Byzantine and Sassanid societies, in Prophet Muhammad's lifetime?
Judaism, Christianity, Zorastrianism
Leila Ahmed argues that veiling and seclusion of women date back to Assyrian law in 1200 BCE, and was also widespread in Byzantine, Greek and Egyptian societies in the 5th and 6th centureies CE. Which of the followingw as NOT true about the veil in these societies?
it distinguished polyandrous from monogamous women
(TRUE-sign of social status and class, helped distnguish respectable women from fthose who were not, distinguished publicly available women from those who were not, distinguished slaves from free women)
which of the following kinds of marriage existed in pre-Islamic Arabia?
matrilocal, uxirolocal, patrilocal (virilocal), polygynous, group marriage
"Marry other women as may be agreeable to you, two or three or four" What was the context of the revelation of this Qoranic verse sanctioning polygyny?
The Uhud battle that widowed many Muslim women
Who were the Mothers of the Believers?
Muhammad's wives
Ahmed argues that Christianity promulgated ideas that were fundamentally subversive of the Zoroastrian gender order. What were these subversive ideas?
that women had functions beyond reproduction; that they could, by remaining celibate, respond to a spiritual and moral authority than male authority.
Does Leila Ahmed think Islam marked an improvement over jahiliyya in terms of the rights and status of women? In what ways?
Ahmed argues that Islam solidified the already declining status of women
-Prio, women had more economic freedoms with trade and business
-some matrilocal & matrilineal practices suggested varying ideas of marriage & adultery
-women were not confined nearly as much as after the jahiliyya period
How did women's status in the Abbassid era compare to their status in the first Muslim community? What was the reason for the change according to ahmed?
women experienced greater restrictions than they did in first first Muslim community
-evident in the fact that Aisha's & Khadija's accounts of Muhamamd were held in high regard and even considered at all
-women used to take an active role in warfare