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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What makes the sun shine?
nuclear fusion
When conducting an experiment, which is the best way to record data?
Write all measurements on one chart or table.
Cm3 is a unit of measure of
volume
Which unit is the same as 10 milliliters?
1 cubic centimeter
What metric measurement is the shortest distance?
one millimeter
What is the measurement for density?
Density= Mass/volume
What are two ways to state volume?
liter and cm3
What does an anemometer measure?
wind speed
Which statement is a hypothesis?
A.The boiling point of water is 100°
B. A gallon of water weighs about 8
pounds.
C. Hydrogen was first prepared by
Cavendish in 1766.
D. Saturn’s rings were formed from a
moon that had exploded
B. A gallon of water weighs about 8
pounds.
Marcus performs an experiment to see whether fertilizer increases the growth rate of plants. He adds one gram of fertilizer to Plant A and no fertilizer to Plant B. He then records the growth rate of each plant for two weeks.

What is the control group in Marcus’s experiment?
A. the fertilizer
To determine the volume of a rock sample, you should use a
. graduated cylinder
What is equal to 1000 cubic centimeters?
1 meter
A student wants to measure the volume of a rock sample. Which would be the best tool to use?
Triple beam balance scales
A hundredth of a gram is a
centigram
A student wants to measure the volume of a rock sample. Which would be the best tool to use?
Triple beam balance scales
If saturn has a density of 0.7 will it sink or float.
float
Which is the basic SI (International System of measurement) unit of mass?
gram
A student is measuring small quantities of liquid. An acceptable unit for volume would be
cm3.
What is the major source of water for public use?
rivers and lakes
Which information do geologists use to determine the age of Earth?
fossils, layering of rocks,radioactive
decay
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom is the
atomic mass.
Which factor would be most important to consider when constructing a building in an earthquake zone?
location of fault lines
The formation of metamorphic rocks depends on all of the following except
parent rock, temperature and pressure
Thirty students each measure the length of a playground. Which will most likely be closest to the actual length of the playground?
the average of all 30 results
The Atlantic Ocean is growing wider every year as the two plates that comprise the ocean floor move away from each other. What is happening as a result of this widening of the ocean floor?
An undersea mountain ridge is forming in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean
A “building up” of Earth’s surface is caused by
volcanoes and plate tectonics.
A deep well or mine shaft goes through which layer or layers of Earth?
crust only
Which information do geologists use to determine the age of Earth?
fossils, layering of rocks, radioactive decay
In a sedimentary sequence, the older layers are on the bottom and the younger layers are on the top. This is known as the principle of
superposition.
Which is equal to of a meter?
kilometer
During a science lab, a student accidentally knocks over a beaker and breaks it. The first thing the student should do is
notify the teacher of the accident
Which is not part of the definition of a mineral?
A. naturally occurring
B. definite composition
C. solid
D. organic
organic
During a science lab, a student accidentally knocks over a beaker and breaks it. The first thing the student should do is
notify the teacher of the accident
Which accurately describes the relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes?
Earthquakes and volcanoes often are located where tectonic plates meet
Which are the two most abundant elements dissolved in seawater?
Na and Cl
What is the most likely explanation for the difference in height of two mountain ranges?
The Appalachians are older than the Rockies.
When rocks undergo weathering, they become
sediment.
It is not uncommon to find sedimentary rock (rock that must have formed at the bottom of a body of water) high up on mountains. Which is the best way to explain this?
The rock was uplifted as the mountains formed.
Which statement is a hypothesis?
A.The boiling point of water is 100°C.
B A gallon of water weighs about 8
pounds.
C.Hydrogen was first prepared by
Cavendish in 1766.
D.Saturn’s rings were formed from a moon th
gallon of water weighs about 8
pounds.
Which metric prefix means 1000 basic units?
kilo
It is not uncommon to find sedimentary rock (rock that must have formed at the bottom of a body of water) high up on mountains. Which is the best way to explain this?
The rock was uplifted as the mountains formed.