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14 Cards in this Set

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Sensory memory
Completely unorganized. It's unlimited capacity. Contains stimuli from the environment.
Working memory
Was, at one time, called short-term memory. Related to consciousness. It's where deliberate thinking takes place. It has limitations.
Chunking
deals with reducing the number of chunks to keep the info in working memory long enough for a transfer to long-term memory.
Automaticity
enables us to use higher level thinking skills. For example, knowing the keyboard on a computer enables us to not look at the keyboard and enables us to think about other and more complex things
Dual processing
deals with integrating the visual with sound. One reinforces the other
Declarative knowledge
it is in long-term memory and refers to facts and the general info we know
Procedural knowledge
it is in long term memory and deals with knowing how to do things
Schemas or Schemata
complex networks of connected info. Imagine the structure of a webbing strategy that a teacher might use in a classroom. They are like that in our minds.
Scripts
schema representations for events. For example, rain, snow, blizzards, tornadoes, hurricanes, are events (scripts) associated with the weather
Attention
where learning begins
Perception
influences the information that enters working memory
Rehearsal
used to retain info in working memory. It may consist of saying the info over and over again or writing it numerous times
Encoding
the process of putting info into long term memory
Decoding
the retrieval of info from long term memory. Examples may include mnemonic devices, acrostics, analogies, devices that would cause associations to be made