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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
3 most common causes of FUO?
infection, cancer, and autoimmune disease
4 signs and symptoms of strep pharyngitis
fever, pharyngeal erythema, tonsillar exudate, lack of cough
non-suppurative complication of strep infection that is not altered by treatment of primary infection
post-strep GN
asplenic pts are particularly susceptible to these organisms.
encapsulated - H. flu, Strep pneumo, Klebsiella, meningococcus
number of bacterial cultures on clean-catch specimen to dx UTI?
10 to the 5th power/ml
pt from California or Arizona presents with fever, malaise, cough, and night sweats. Dx? Rx?
Coccidiomycosis. Fluconazole.
which health population is susceptible to UTIs?
Pregnany women - treat aggressively to prevent complications
nonpainful chacre
primary syphilis
"blueberry muffin" rash is characteristic of what congenital infection?
rubella
meningitis in neonates. Causes? Rx?
GBS, E. coli, Listeria
Amp and gent
meningitis in infants. Causes? Rx?
pneumococcus, meningococcus, H. flu
Rx - cefotaxime and vanco
CSF findings
low glucose, PMN predominance
bacterial meningitis
CSF findings:
nomral glucose, lymphocyte predomninance
aseptic meningitis
CSF findings
+++ RBCs
SAH
CSF findings
increased gammaglobulins
MS
initially presents with a pruritic papule with regional lymphadenopathy and evolves into balck escar in 7-10 days. Rx?
Anthrax.
Ampicillin
Findings in tertiary syphilis.
tabes dorsalis
general paresis
gummas
argyll-robertson pupil
aortitis
aortic root aneurysms
region endemic for lyme disease
North American northeast
characteristics of secondary lyme disease
arthralgias, migratory polyarthritis, Bell's palsy, myocarditis
cold agglutinins
mycoplasma
24 y/o male presents with soft white plaques on his tongue and back of his throat. Dx? w/u?
Candidal thrush. w/u should include HIV testing
begin PCP prophylaxis in HIV positive patients at what CD4 count? MAC prophylaxis?
<=200 for PCP (with TMP), <= 100 (clarithromycin/azithromycin)
risk factors for pyelonephritis?
pregnancy, vesicoureteral reflusx, anatomic abnormalities, indwelling catheters, kidney stones
neutropenic nadir post-chemo
7-10 days
treatment for HSV meningitis
acyclovir
antigen test to confirm dx of Rocky Mountain spotted fever rickettsial disease
Weil-felix test
erythema migrans
lesion of primary lyme disease
classic physical finding for endocarditis
fever, heart murmur, osler's nodes, splinter hemorrhages, Janeway lesions, Roth's spots
most common infection from transfusion
HCV
branching rods in oral infection
Actinomyces isralii
painful chancroid
Haemophilus ducreyi
dog or cat bite
Pasturella multocida
meningitis in adults
N. meningitidis
meningitis in elderly
Strep pneumo
alcoholic with pnemonia
Klebsiella
currant jelly sputum
Klebsiella
infection in burn victims
pseudomonas
osteomyelitis from foot would pucture
pseudomonas
osteomyelitis in sickle cell patient
Salmonella