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26 Cards in this Set

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Define Infection Control
The conscious management of the clinical environment for the specific purposes of minimizing or eliminating the potential spread of disease, regardless of how remote that possibility may seem.
T cells mature in the
Thymus
B cell lymphocyte develops and fully matures in the
Bone marrow
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
The immune system defends and protects the body from infection via
Natural immunity, responses provided by the adaptive immune system, reliance on proliferation of antigen-specific antibody.
Lymphocytes
White blood cells that manage all activities of the immune system.
Antigen
Substances recognized by the immune system as foreign.
Antibody
Substance that proliferates throughout the body's fluids to fight off infection.
The main target of HIV
CD-4 T-cell
Infection control is necessary in clinical environments where audiological services are provided because
It is the law, patients may exhibit both overt and covert levels of immunocompromise, nature of audiological practice increases potential for cross-contamination.
Mode of disease transmission
How a microbe moves from one location to the next.
Route of disease transmission
Portal of entry into the body.
Disinfection means
Killing germs?
Sterilization means
Killing 100% of germs, including endospores.
OSHA requirements for an infecition control plan
1. Have an employee exposure classification
2. Hepatitis B vaccination plan
3. Plan for annual training and recordkeeping
4. Plan for accidents and accidental exposure follow up
5. Implementation protocols
6. Post exposure plans and records
Audiologists involved in the provision of clinical services, including cerumen management and fitting of hearing instruments, will mores likely be classified in which employee exposure classification category?
Category 2
Each clinic must conduct and document completion of infection control training
At the initial hire of an employee and annually, when new diagnostic procedures are offered by the staff, when an employee changes exposure classification status.
HBV vaccination must be offered to all
Category 1 and 2 employees
MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheet. An informational document that outlines hazards associated with chemical products.
Standard Precaution
Personal barriers, hand washing, touch and splash surfaces, sterilization, infectious waste
Hands must be washed
Immediately after glove removal, before and after an appointment, any time the clinician feels it is necessary
Clean
Removal of gross contamination
Critical instruments must eventually be
Sterilized?
An EPA approved sterilant must contain concentration of the active ingredient __% glutaraldehuyde or __% hydrogen peroxide
2% or 7.5%
Soaking time for glutaraldehyde-based solutions
10 hours with a maximum use in the tray of 28 days.
Soaking time for hydrogen-peroxide based sterilants
6 hours with a maximum use in the tray of 21 days.