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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
newborns exhibit what behavior for their survival
reflexive behavior
T/F
All neurons are present at birth
true
the first motor skills are
reflexes
the 3 sets of reflexes are
breating, sucking and rooting
sensation
response of a sensory system to a stimulus
perception
mental processing of sensory information
what sense is least developed at birth
vision; they are near sighted
at about 14 weeks what type of vision does the invant have
binocular vision
T/F
color vision is present at birth
true
Marasmus
disease that stops growth, the body tissue wastes away and death can occur
Piaget's sensorimotor stage in infancy is
learns to coordinate sensory experiences and motor behavior
at what age do infants recognize specific characteristics of things in their environment
4-8 months
at what age do infants become more responsive to people and objects
8-12 mos
schema is
mental model that infants form to help incorporate the characteristics of persons, objects, events
___________ gives infants the ability to adapt their behavior
schemas
assimilation
fitting information into their existing schema
accommodating
they revise their schemas to fit new information
object permanence
wareness that objects which no longer are in view still exist
reversal
basic accomplishment of the sensorimotor stage--refilling an empty container
intermodal perception
ability to associate information from one sense with another sense
(hearing with seeing)
cross-modal perception
ability to use information from one sense to IMAGINE something in another
underextend
applying a word to refer to a narrower category of objects
cat may refer to only family cat
overextension
apply words more broadly than meaning
separation anxiety emerges at about ______ and peaks at _______
8 mos
14 mos.
stranger wariness is common at what age
6 months
at what age do babies respond to themselves in a mirror
15-24 mos
3 major categories of temperament are
extroverted, placid and shy
extrovertion
sociability; a general inhibition to unfamiliar objects and expressions
T/F
extroversion/shyness is inherited
true
Watson, a behaviorists holds that personality is shaped through _____________ and ___________ by parents
reinforcements and punishments
the strange situation demonstrated what 3 theories
securely attached;
insecurely attached:avoidant
insecurely attached:resistant