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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
if you work harder you can make more $; system of profits, private ownership, competition(grades); concerned about production
Cultural capital
cultural background, knowledge, beliefs, values, attitudes passed down from 1 generation to the next; very based on race, class, gender; the higher the class, the more cultural capital; the more you have the better you do in school
numbers, charts, tables, graphs, stats; surveys experiments
social construction
many different perspectives
interaction theory
statuses, roles; verbal & nonverbal interactions; "uniqueness" (rather than only generalization)
ex. looking at the uniqueness of SMC campus, just looking @ SMC
tracking/ ability grouping
placing students into particular edu. program based on ability; depends a lot on your social class: the higher the class, the higher the social class, enabling them to get a better edu.; often looks like the middle class (higher track) and the working class (lower track).. pre-placing them into jobs
the lower the grade, more likely to be female; male more likely to be adminstration
David Myra Sadker
wrote "Failing @Fairness": schools are just like larger society giving boys advantages; study inequalities of girls & boys
social based construction; both females and males possess masculine & feminine characteristics
when minority group takes on characteristics of dominant culture; members of majority except minorities to act like majority, but still be a minority; minorities need to learn to be bicultural (learn about theirs & white culture); minorities have few role models
assume if one way, all are the same way; minorities possess less desirable values
when you are the sole representative of the group; no one like you, a lot of pressure for you to express the judgement of everyone of your race/culture/ethnicity
hierarchy("chain of command"); divison of labor-> specialization of tasks
purpose of schools
prepare you for college, educate them; each class is a subculture (each one depending on class--students--and teacher differs)
Basis of schools
Secondary: order of classes
Primary: breaks (recess, lunch, bathroom)
school board
oversees the school system by hiring/firing teachers, salary, general direction of school, budget; tend to be W M professionals; run school like a business
carry out the budget, recommend to board who to hire/fire, to report to board, how school's running, meet with school administration with any concerns about school; tend to be W M, middle class; receives pressure from principal & board
all day boss, manage all daily functions of school, solving conflicts, disciplining, recognizing kids, dealing with parents, concerns of staff & teachers, dealing with budgets, teacher & staff members to support them, dealing w/ buses, highest level that parents expect to support them; W M middle class; private schools> female
socialization of children, the lower the edu. grade the more females; females have more accessiblity to profession; good benefits, good retirement plan, tenure, lowest needed edu. is BA; W F middle class
office workers, librarians, cafe crews, TA, counselors, secretaries, sanitarian crew, volunteers; makes sure school outside of classroom is running smoothly; working class W F (except maintenance), viewed as having lower rank, less edu.
School size
HS supposed to represent large area; HS should be able to cater to ALL types of students; $ becomes really important in small schools; in a small school if you do not like the teacher too bad you have no other choices; small schools- only offer classes @certain times
Feminization of teaching
the female characteristics match up with the "teacher characteristics"
Teaching = career or professional?
CAREER--> there is take home work
Cross cultural (global) comparisons
1983: "A Nation at Risk" our students are not competitive enough; US has the most diverse students; US spreads out their ed. compared to other countries; international students come to the US @ a higher level so of course they have a higher success rate; US does not teach critical thinking more test driven
Standardized testing
most people say it is not a fair way to demonstrate skills; if you are familiar with dominant culture, the better you will do
Richard Hernstein & Charles Murray's "Bell Curve"
say that white students better than black & hispanic, therefore whites are more intelligent
Factory model (assembly line) classroom: only happens in the classroom, bc they don't think about all that we do;2. mass education- many students: efficient focus, not effective (quality goes down); 3. Tracking; 4. Memorization, repetitions, drills (not critical thinking)
Cultural transmission
teacher passes on all of the knowledge to students(passive);the"factory model; the "banking system"; traditional classroom: linear approach, static (assigned seats), controlled environment, rigid, knowledge transmission, passive students
Cultural transformation
Teacher and students both learn from each other; active learning, more critical thinking; progressive classroom: interactive approach, student centered, cooperation, freedom, dynamic, knowledge "transformed", active students
John Dewey
edu reformer; progressive classroom; students learn by linking material to your lives by "doing"; do not do something bc others say it is good, do it bc you believe in it.
a professional
professional model, rigorous training, mentoring
1.credentials, 2.induction, 3.professional development, 4.specialization, 5.authority/decision making, 6. Compensation, 7.Prestige
set of standards teachers must reach not all private schools require a teachers license
more training on the job->mentoring; small school/private: less mentoring, but more support
professional development
"inservices", expected to go to conferences, workshops, courses; poor schools: less likely to fund teachers' edu.
a lot of training in one or a few areas; often teachers are asked to teach an area that is not their expertise (EL. Edu and private schools)
Authority/ Decision Making
Teachers have limited power on textbooks
avg. salaries; teachers are relatively low if you compare to other professionals; public school pay more than private schools
looks more at edu. professional development (not at wealth); teaching is a "semi-profession"
The "Hidden" Curriculum
(working class process), very similar to how work class is socialized; students must follow rules, regulations, policies, procedures or they will fail; unwritten not much to do w/ learning; must know to be successful (keeping your eyes open, sitting at your desk during a test)
Common Script
("factory model" of schooling); roles of teachers
good: efficient for standards, equal opportunity--NOT favors dominate culture, easy for teachers since they do not have to teach to other cultures
problems: not everyone learns the same way; students feel oppressed; teachers blame alienated students, so very few adjust curriculum
Moral Teachings (visible)
Part of curriculum; within curriculum: teach about moral characters in history; Rituals & Ceremonies: pep rallies, Our Father; Visual Displays: signs/posters "Say no to Drugs"; Moral Commentaries: "that's uncivilized behavior"
Moral Practices (invisible)
1.rules & regulations: every classroom has their own culture; 2.customs & traditions: some required to shout, others raise their hand 3. curriculum: teachers have a lot of influence 4. expressions: nonverbal/verbal communication > can be intentional or unintentional
education (defined by sociology)
an institution which serves society by socializing people into it through a formalized, standardized procedure
rite of passage
change of status
total institution
your everyday existence is controlled by and institution
informal groups
people that group together to go against authority
student self concept
the way that one views and defines ones self; very based on one's experiences in schools; based on your involvement in school activities, types of course you take; can be + or - consequences; peers and teachers play a large role in schools
student culture groups
like a community, students decide what group (Jocks, nerds, burnout) to join; if group supports academics, they will be successful; good students are able to juggle bn roles of "academic" and "peer group community" (must be accepted by both); acadamic world is like the adult world w/ job and peer community if you are too successful you can be cut off from peer community
involved in everything had a lat of power; models what school wants all students to be
those who resisted school; apply that after school can get a job; reject organization; ie. Columbine shooters- have more friends in different groups
In between groups
somewhere in between Jocks & Burnouts
Masculinizing Institution
schools favor boys/men; men do better in co-ed schools; women do better in single sex schools; as schools become less academic it allows boys to succeed; male teachers receive higher pay than female s; Darwinism (science) survival of the fittest, favors males; if minorities & girls gain more status, becomes a threat to male status; girls react differently than boys