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20 Cards in this Set

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What shows deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns?
Psychological disorder
What is the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital?
medical model
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition), a widely use system for classifying psychological disorders. Presently distributed in an updated "text revision" (DSM- IV-TR)
DSM-IV
psychological disorder characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Anxiety disorders
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
Generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
phobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
dissociative disorders
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
personality disorders
a personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrong doing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist
antisocial personality disorder
mood disorders
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes. See major depressive disorder, mania, and bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods. feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
mania
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania. (Formerly called manic-depressive disorder)
bipolar disorder
a group of sever disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
Schizophrenia
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
delusions