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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why did people of the Indus Valley settle where they did?
there was water, rich soil and salt
What are some theories about the disappearance of the Mohenjo-Daro people?
-natural disaster
-attacks by others
-crop failure
What river valleys were early Chinese civilizations located in
Huang He/Chang Jiang
What were people doing by 5000 BC in Northern and southern China?
Growing crops
What did follwers of the Shang King promise to do in return for land?
Be loyal, perform services and pay fees
How were pictographs used by the people of the Shang period?
To keep tax records, record building plans and treaties
What are 6 details about the Mayan civilization?
number system based on 20
used zero
limestone pyramids
jaguar god
What are 3 details about Chinese civilization?
yellow, sandy soil
oracle bones
little outside contact
Who are the Olmec?
The first people who settled along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Imprt. because they were the first
Who are the Shang
The second dynasty (A ruling family) in China that conquered 1800 city-states and established a simple form of government which lasted until 1050 BC
Why is the jaguar important in Mayan civilization?
Mayans believed that this cat god brought rain and was the strongest and most important god.
Who was Yu the Great
Legends say that he dug deep rivers to hold extra water to save China from flooding. Worked 13 years to save the land
What is a tributary?
a small river that feeds into a larger river
Why is Mohenjo-Daro important
It had advanced city planning with
wide streets,
a walled fortress,
a huge storage shed to hold grain to feed people in times of flood,
buildings made out of mud
What are oracle bones?
shells and bones that the chinese used to predict the future
How are the Olmec and Mayan civilizations similar
1.both along the Middle American rain forest
2. both cleared the forest to farm more land and build cities
3. both never united to form a central government
4. both worshiped the jaguar as the rain god
5. religion was an important part of both of their lives
6. both used writing
Where was the Indus Valley civilization located?
In the valley of the Indus river
What did the farmers in the Indus valley grow to supplement their diets?
How did people in the Indus Valley live safely above flooded land?
They built mounds out of mud and stone
What had people in the Indus Valley done by 2500 BC?
built cities and formed civilizations
What were the 2 largest and most importa nt cities in the Indus Valley?
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
How were Harrappan cities similar to those of Mohnjo-Daro
1. same standard weights and measures
2. similar street layouts
3. used similar beads and tools
Who was Nugua
Legend says he made the first humans out of clay
Who was Fuxi
Legend says he invented writing by studying the scratches of birds
What does the legend of Yu the great show?
The importance of agriculture
What crop was the main crop in Northern China? Southern China?
North - millet, fruits and vegetables
South - rice
What 3 animals were domesticated in Northern and Southern china by 3000 BC?
Dogs, pigs and cows
Why didn't the Chinese trade with others?
separated by mountains and deserts from other civilizations
What happened in China because they had no contact with other civilizations?
they came to have a strong feeling of their importance in the world
What was the first Dynasty in China?
Why was the Shang dynasty about to conquer 1800 villages and city-states in china
used war chariots and metal weapons - had strong army
How long did China have a system of dynasties?
3500 years
Where did the Chinese look for advice?
Deceased ancestors who they believed could communicate with the gods
How did the king communicate with the gods?
He would ask a diviner to touch bones or shells with hot metal sticks which would cause cracks to form. King would read cracks and scribe would write what king said on the bones/shells
What did people think oracle bones were when they first found them
dragon bones which could be used as medicine
What important thing happened during the Shang dynasty
they combined pictographs to make thousands of words
What did people during the Shang dynasty use their writing for?
tax records and treaties
How did the pictographs affect the development of China's social classes
1.only the wealthy could be educated
2. needed to be educated to be in govt so you could read
3. therefore, the wealthy governed the people
4. the wealthy government passed laws to help them keep their wealth
Where did the Olmec civilization develop?
Along the southern coast of the Gulf of Mexico
What is the Olmec civilization called
'the mother civilization of the Mayans" and other middle american groups
What was the Olmec diet
fish and crops that they grew together on small plots of land
What did Olmecs do to keep track of flooding on which they depended
1. calendar
2. hieroglyphic writing to keep records of events
What was Olmec religion based on?
forces of nature that affected crops
What is mysterious about the carved stone that looks out over the city?
Their technology didn't include wheels so they didn't know how they moved the stones
Who borrowed Olmec ideas to make their civilization?
What were some Mayan innovations?
1. two calendars - one for days/one for flooding
2. number system based on 20
3. zero
4. hieroglyphic writing
How long did Mayan civilization last?
600 years
Middle America
between North and South america
growing important crops together on the same land
what people eat
stories about great people that are passed down orally throught the ages
a system of writing that uses pictures