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155 Cards in this Set

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Asvaghosa
earliest known author of sanskrit drama
Bhasa
ealiest significant dramatist- 13 plays
The vision of Vasavadatta
Bhasa's play, shorter than the others
Kalidasa
Master of sanskrit drama, claims Bhasa as predessor
Prakrit
Local lanuage or dialog
Kuttiyattam
Theater preformed in Karala, Means "play", "together"
Natyassastra
Means "Science of Theater" Most important Indian drama text
Ramayana
epic, tells of the abduction of Sita by Ravana
Mahabharata
longest single work, epic
puranas
historical or semi-historical stories
Sudraka
Wrote the Little CLay Cart, his only work, refered to himself in prolog as a king
Rg Veda
Veda or recited praise
Sama Veda
Ritual chant veda, third in line
Siva
Destroyer God
The Little Clay Cart
One of the acknowledged Masterpieces, written by Sudraka
Carudatta
Hero in The Little Clay Cart
Vasantasena
Heroine in The little CLay Cart, Is a courtisan and in love with Caradatta
Samsthanaka
one of the few villians in Sanskrit Drama, is humorous
Maitreya
Companion of Carudatta, loyal to him in the end
Aryaka
an escaped prisoner destined to overthrow the king and become king himself
Brahaman
The idea of the divine
srngara
the erotic Rasa
Sahrdaya
audience- someone who responds with their heart
bhava
to exist, personal emotion, become Rasa
Sutradhara
Stage manager, one versed in the Sutras
Nepathya
green room
vrtti
mode of moral conduct
Nataka
play of love and valor, must have a hero king
Christina Abubyerfaisly
Beautiful, curly-headed girl, married to Stephen Byerly and generally obsessed with Star Wars, Diet Coke and Cold stone ice cream cakes
Julia Clarke
An enchanting Marketing student who one day wishes to see all of the "World's Biggest Things"
Bharata
Wrote the Natyasastra, the name of the son of Dusyanta (Shakuntala), means "an actor"
Indra
god who convinced Brahma to create Natyaveda ( drama, veda), inaugerated the first play
Brahma
Creator God, was convinced by Indra to create drama
Kshatriya
2nd caste of Hindu system, a member of the kightly or military order, considered to be the Arya (related to aristocracy)
Vaisya
3rd caste includes merchants, farmers, landowners, and artisians (tradesmen)
Sudra
4th caste, untouchables, not having to do with wealth but with family, laborers (peasants)
Sama Veda
3rd veda, ancient core Hindu Scriptures
Yajur Veda
religious texts focusing on liturgy and ritual, written b/w 1500BC and 500BC
Atharva Veda
4th veda, the sacred text of Hinduism
Visvakarma
a solor diety and architect who built the cities and palaces of the gods, master craftsman and artisian
Yajna
a vedic ritual of sacrifice performed to please the Devas (sometimes Brahman) which involved pouring oblations into the fire, important part of the Vedas
Puja
religious rituals performed by Hindus on a variety of occasions, usually daily, must be done after a shower or bath
Indus Valley Civillization
ancient civilization on the Indus River in Northern India
Mohenjodaro
city in the Indus Vallety Civilization
Harappa
city in Punjab
Panini
ancient grammerian, formulated 3,959 rules of Sanskrit morphology
Alexander the Great
conquered much of India
King Asoka
Indian emperor who elevated Buddhism to the official state religion
Patanjali
reputed author of the Yoga Sutra (a major work containing aphorisms on the practical and philosopical wisdom regarding practice of Raja Yoga) as well as commentary of Pa_ini's Sanskrit grammar
Mahabhasya
monumental work in the tradition of Paninan grammar, composed by Patanjali in a lively and absorbing conversational style
Krsna
Is seen as the Supreme Person (God) and thus the origin of all other incarnations, in Sanskrit has literal meaning of "black" or "darK" refering to Krishna's dark black/blueish complexition
Kamsa
the maternal uncle of Krshna. When it was fortold that the eight child of his sister would be his killer, he resolved to put to death all the children of his sister. To save Krisna from his fate, Vasudeva had him brought up as the son of a Yadava chieftain. When Kamsa came to know that his would be slayer had escaped, he sent many of his demonic henchmen to kill the infant, however Krishna killed them all and later his uncle in a wrestling match
Bali
monkey something?
Vidushaka
a clown and commentator on passing events. Of unserious mien, he carreid with him a bagful or frivolity sarcasm, wit and wisdom
Dharma
righteousness, religious duty, social order, reight conduct, or simply virture, beings that live in harmony with Charma proceed more quickl towards personal liberation
Karma
a sum of all that an individual has done, is currently doing and will do. The effects of those deeds and these deeds actively create present and future experiences, this making one responsible for one's own life and the pain in others
Kama
Hindu god of love, a young, hansome, winged man who wields a bow and arrows, a son (or creation) of Brahma, creator of the universe.
Artha
a sanskrit term referring to the idea of material prosperity, one of the four goals of life, achieveing widespread fame, having elevated social standing,
Ju-ya Clarke
wonders how Stina talked her into taking this crazy class
Stina Marie
wrote too long of definitions considering she just needs to get a C in this class
Sankukarna
Ravana's attendant that does entrance dance in "Tornayudhanka"
Nangyar
sings short religious songs in Kut.
Kerala
along arabian seacost in southwestern india, where Kut. is from
Malayalam
regional language of Kerala
Perumals
the ancient rulers of Kerala
Cakyar
half Brahman and half non-Brahman, had gone through investiture of sacred thread so could act in male roles in Kut.
Nambyar
had not undergone thread ceremony so could not act in the plays
Sugriva
monkey prince in Bhasa's play
Valin
Sugriva's (monkey prince) older brother, was slain by Rama in Bhasa's play
Meghaduta or "The Cloud Messenger"
Kalidasa's greatest Sanskrit poem
mandakranta
17 syllable meter used in "The Cloud Messanger", means "the slowly approaching"
yaksha
the speaker in "The Cloud Messenger",, who is a demigod, exiled to Mount of Rama and sends a messenge in a cloud back to his wife
shetras
warriors
bhramen
priests
Natyasastra
means "script of dance"
natyacaryas
a company of actors
tauripa
the musicians
nata
the actor-dancers
natyakara
the playwright
mukutakaraka
the crown-maker
abharanakrt
the maker of onrmaments
rajaka
the dyer
citrakara
the painter
abhinaya
"that which carries the meaning", acting
angika
bodily acting
angas
main limb (body)
upangas
secondary limb (face)
caris
poses or stylized movements
mandalas
series of caris (poses or stylized movements)
gati-pracar
gaits and movements
vacika
voice control, includes speech and song
atubhasa
grandiloquent language of gods and supermen
aryabhasa
refined speech of kings
jatibhasa
mother tounge of ordinary individuals
mlecchabhasa
corrupt tounge of foreigners
aharya
that which is produced through nepathya (costumes, props, make-up, etc)
nepathya
greenroom
pusta
props and scenery
angaraeana
make-up
alamkara
accessories and ornamentation used for decorum
sanjiva
animals or representations of animals
sattvika
4th element of abhinaya, nobody really knows what it was
purvaranga
preliminaries: dancing, musicians warm up, rituals
rangadvara
door of the theater, sets the mood of the play
nrtta
pure dance, no interpretive meaning
nrtya
panamemic dance
natya
dramatic dance
karanas
basic movements
angaharas
basic choreographic sequences
tata
stringed, harp-typed instruments
susira
wind-blown instruments, most ancient
ghana
cymbals, used to keep time
avanaddha
drums
sthayin
repetition of the same note
arohin
notes employed in ascending order
avarohin
notes employed in the descending order
samcarin
notes employed in a mixed matter
bhols
set pattern of rythem that immitate drums, stylized, used in practice when drums are not there
kuttampalam
a special temple theater in which Kuts are performed
jarjara
a banner staff which Indra used to smash the asuras who tried to disrupt the first drama
mandala
should be drawn onto the stage
geah (sp?)
clarified butter, used to feed the gods
asamyuta-hasta
when one hand is ued to sign
samyuta-hasta
when two hands are used to sign
Hastalakshanadipika
the ancient guidebook for hand motions in sanskrit
hasta
hand gesture
this class is
stupid
this class is
annoying
this class is
pointless
spring break is
so close
restoration will
rock the casba
school in general is
meaningless
i wish i could
eat ice cream
you are
doing great
jukia clarke is
my hero
nandi
prayers at the beginning of a play
slokas
stanzas
rasa
juice
smara
word meaning love and memory
neti
hero
bastu
plot
vibhava
the cause
anaubhava
involuntary reaction
vyabhicaribhava
deliberate act
sthayibhava
rasa
vira
heroic rasa
kollam
ritual designs used in karala
Bhavabhuti
esteemed sanskrit playwright
Harsa
king playwright, wrote political plays
this test is
almost over
dance is
tonight!!
stina
finished her dance, but is changing to another version of the song
julia has
studied for too long
we should
skip the test
this essays
scares stina