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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
British East India Company
(3 reasons how they extended their control over India)
1)India had many cultures and ethnic groups throughout the country, used it to their advantage, pinning groups against eachother

2)Mongol rulers who had controlled Indua for many years was losing power

3)the caste system divided people
Indian National Congress
-in 1885
-was formed by Nationalist Leaders, who supported peace to gain independence
-most members were well-educated business men
Mohandas Ghandi
-standed for peace
-born in middle-class
-supported Western Ideas of democracy and nationalism
-rejected the caste system
-supported equal rights amongst all Hindus
-dressed in traditional Indian clothing
-weaved cloths for hours
Salt March (1930)
-SAlt in India was produced by British
-there was a tax attached to it and it was used to fund India
The Salt March (1930)
-he protested and traveled to the sea with 28 people and was jailed, showed a sign that independence was coming
British rule in India (1858)
Positive Aspects:
-British crown sent a viceroy
-all other top gov't positions were allowed to Indians
-thought they were there to help India
-India was a good market for Britains goods
-India had natural resources Britain could use
-continues to improve transportation system, railroads, roads
-brought new methods of communication
-couldn't keep up with the surplus
-after independence, population nearly tripled
-most ppl were living below the poverty line
-going to have urbanization and the problems that go with it
April 13, 1919
-Indian protest that was peaceful
-outlawed by British crown
-officials showed up and fired at protestors
-300 were killed
March 12th
-Ghandi's march began
-set out with 28 others
Indira Ghandi
(October 31, 1984)
-became involved in fathere's gov't, politics
-one of few women who rose in power
-became a political advisor
-became prime minister in the early 70s
-elected to a five year term
-accused of election fraud
-either really popular or really dislike by certain groups
-assasinated by body guards who were Sikhs
April 6th
-Ghani reached the sea
-thousands were with him
-got world wide attention
Social Change
-gov't began family planning programs
-cont. to live traditional way of life
-mostly in rural areas
-gov't outlawed discrimination of the untouchables
The Sepoy Rebellion (1857)
The Sepoys were Indians who served in the British East India's army, resent ment would soon begin to build slowly from the Sepoys
-gained some rights, right to vote
-women of upper classes were genrally educated,
-some could hold political positions
-lower had no education
Rajiv Ghandi (1991)
-unamiously picked by Paliament to take moms place
-made an effort to clean yp corruption
-became prime minister
-lost next election because accusations of corruption
- in 1991 was campaigning for a comeback, at one of the rallies he was killed by a bomber
Muslim League (1906)
-Muslims believed that the Hindus wouldnt have the interest or concern for Muslims
- fomred the Muslim league, goal was to form a separate Muslim state
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
-leader of the Muslim league
-negotiated with the British to create Pakistan
British Rule in India (1858)
Negative Aspects:
-its effort to improve agriculture results in deforestation
-able to introduce new advances in medecine
-better food supply, along w/ better medecine led to overpopulation
-many welcomed British rule because of instability
-introduced a legal system, treated everyone equal
Pakistan (August 1947)
-Pakistan established, Muslims and Hindus migrated causing problems between them
January 30, 1948
-Mohandas Ghandi was shot and killed by a Hindu etremist
-sent India into mourning
-Britian was backing off
Jawalarlal Nehru
-prime minister after Independence in 1947
-made India a democracy,wrote a constitution,established a federal gov't based on U.S. ideas
Economic reforms
-well behind others
-needed to modernize economy
-didnt have oil, natural gas
-imported natural resources
-Nehru directed the building of dams to provide power
-in agriculture, new crops, fertilization and iriigation methods introduced
British East India Company
-had exclusive trading trading rights in India
-controlled 3/5 of India
-run by a group of British business men
-sole purpose was to make money
-had permission by the British Crown
The Sepoy Rebellion
1)sometimes the requirement to serve required them to travel by sea (offensive to Hindus, resent having to be told that

2)There was a law passes that allowed Hindus to remarry

3)rumor going around that animal fat was on the cartriges for rifles, set off rebellion
The Sepoy Rebellion
-The Sepoys fought back, and became violent enough that the British crown sent troops into India
-British crown takes control of British East India Company and takes over direct control over India