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35 Cards in this Set

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Battle of Bunker Hill
-Another hill called Breed Hill
-British win
-Colonists treat as moral win b/c it proved that their army could compete against the British
Battle of Trenton
-Very important b/c G.W. and troops win by sneaking up on German hired soldiers on x-mas, while they were drunk, and did a suprise attack.
-Captured many men
Benedict Arnold
-Colonists who committed treason
-Married loyalist and socialized with them even tho he was a "general" on US side
-Tried to help get British West Point
Blockade
-When British blocked all the ports in US so nothing could get to colonists
British leave Boston
Patriots bombarded Boston causing British to leave
Characteristics of war in the south
-lots of naval battles
-more help for British from loyalists and blacks
-lots of battles in open field (not many cities like north-east)
Common Sense
-very important and influential pamphlet written by Thomas Paine.
-Addressed the issue of separating from G.B
Declaration of Independence
-important document stating U.S. separation from G.B.
First Continental Congress
-Formed a Non-importation association and ceased all trade w/ G.B.
-Decided Parliament couldn't tax colonists, only they could
Fort Ticonderoga
-Colonists take over this fort
-good b/c had weapons (cannnons) which colonists needed
General Cornwallis
-in charge of British naval battles in south
-G.W tricked in Princeton
-surrendered to US in Yorktown
General Howe
British General
-surrendered to G.W and troops in Saratoga, NY
George Washington
-very imp. US general
-led colonists to victory
Hessians
-German hired soldiers for B.
Hudson
-Imp. river...@ west pt.
-Splits Boston from NY to Philly...lots of control
Intolerable Acts
-helped start revolution
-B. closed Boston Harbour
-eliminated self gov't in Massachusettes
-1st C.C. congress formed after this
Lexington and Concord
-1st armed and imp wars of Revolution
-G.B. went to towns to try and destory colonists supplies
Loyalists
-Colonists who didn't agree with patriots...helped British
Privateer
-gov't hired pirate
-stole supplies from enemy ships
Profiteer
-person who took advantage of war and made lots of money
-ex. are farmers, privateers and smugglers
Prohibitory Act
Acts that prohibited colonists form doing certain things
Treaty of Paris
Peace treaty between France, Spain, G.B. and U.S.

1)G.B. acknowledge indp. of U.S.
2)Size
3)Colonies stretch w/ until Mississippi R.
4)Florida goes to spain
5)G.B. agrees to w/draw troops
6)C.C. agrees to recomend that loyalists get back land from colonists
Role of farmer, A.A and women during war
Farmer
-made lots of money w. B and US

A.A.
-fought mostly for G.B. b.c promissed freedom


Women
-worked men job
-followed army
-pretended to be men and fought
Saratoga
-big war in NY...Conrwallis surrenders
-Patriots win
-French openly acknowledges alliance with US
Second Continental Congress
-takes on role of gov't
-@ first very divided
Thomas Jefferson
-wrote Dec. of Ind.
Thomas Paine
wrote "common sense"
Tories
-another name for loyalists
West Point
-military base on Hudson R.
-key to continent b/c could controle everything
Yorktown
-Final battle
-Cornwallis surrenders
A nation divided over war
-Loyalists, Patriots
-2nd C.C. was divided too
Importance of Dec. of Indp.
-formal document of separation from G.B.
-layed out US's idea of a gov't
-Big step, shows mautrity
Characterisitic of the war in the south (and stages)
Stage I

-War in N.
-B. troops in S.I
-G.W retreats to Manhattan...B. follow Gw to NJ
-GW from Nj too Pa
-On X-mas crossed De. R...suprise attacked Germans
-Trenton...P-town..won!

Stage II

-South
-Lots of naval battles (Gen. Cornwallis incharge)
-More support for B. from loyalists, A.A
-Battles in open fields
Inc. role of gov't
-2nd C.C took on role
-US needed a gov't b/c it needed order
-someone too control army, etc.
-someone too lead them to victory
Road to war-influences on the colonists-think C.S and attempted peace talks
-Acts
-Common sense
-non-importation