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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
-said that Supreme Court had right to review all laws made by Congress
-established the idea of Judicial Review
-made Supreme Court more powerful
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
-said that state could not tax a national bank
-increased power of national gov't
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
-said that federal gov't (not state gov't) had the power to regulate trade between the states
-increased power of national gov't
Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857)
-said that African Americans were not citizens of the US
-also said that Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
-increased sectionalism
U.S. vs. Cruikshank (1876)
-said that national gov't could not punish someone for violating the civil rights of individuals
-only states had that power
-violence against African Americans increased in the South during Reconstruction
U.S. vs. Reese (1876)
-said that 15th amendment did automatically protect the right of African Americans to vote
-only listed the ways that states were not allowed to prevent them from voting
-southern states found other ways to prevent African Americans from voting during Reconstruction
Schenck vs. U.S. (1919)
-said that free speech could be restricted under certain circumstances, including during wartime
-gov't allowed to prevent people from criticizing the gov't or holding controversial opinions
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)
-said that the idea of "separate but equal" was allowed by the Constitution
-segregation spreads in South
Brown vs. Board of Education (1954)
-said that the idea of "separate but equal" was unconstitutional
-made segregation in schools illegal