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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was New Orleans?
The capitol and main port of French Louisianna.
Who were the first Illinois settlers?
Independent fur traders unwilling to return to Canada after French govt prohibited their direct trade with the indians.
What was Louisiana's economy dependent on?
Combined efforts of Indians, settlers and slaves who farmed, herded, fished, and traded deerskin.
What was Country or "Real Whig" Ideology?
Stressed the threats that a standing army and powerful state posed to personal liberty.
What was the war of the Spanish Succession?
Known as King William's War & Queen Anne's War. Created funded debt by borrowing money from joint-stock companies.
What was the Treaty of Lancaster?
Treaty in 1744 by which Iriquois chiefs had sold a group of Virginia land speculators rights to trade at the forks of the Ohio River
What was the Albany Congress?
Britain odered New York governor to convene an intercolonial meeting to discuss matters with the Iroquois.
What was the Albany Plan of the Union?
Written by Benjamin Franklin. Called for an intercolonial union to coordinate colonial defense, levy taxes, and regulate Indian affairs.
What was the French and Indian War?
AKA. 7 yr war. War between the French and British beginning in 1756. Primarily over the OH River Valley. British won at an enormous expense in 1763.
What was the Treaty of Paris?
Ended hostilities between the British and the French on Feb 10, 1763. French ceded to Britain all lands east of the Mississippi & Britain gave back Cuba and the Phillipines.
What was the Proclamation of 1763?
Temporarily forbid white settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
What did the Proclamation Line do?
tried to keep white settlers and Indians apart and prevent fighting between them
What were the Quartering Acts?
Required colonists assemblies to provide barracks and certain supplies for the troops.
What was Pontiac's Rebellion?
Began when 8 major groups joined in attacking British forces and American settlers from the Great Lakes to Virginia until 1766.
What was the Currency Act of 1764?
Forbid further issues of legal tender paper money.
What was the Sugar Act?
Combined new and revised duties on imported items. Also lengthened list of products that can only be sent to England.
What was the Stamp Act?
Required all valid legal documents, as well as newspapers, bear a govt-issued stamp.
What was the British Constitution?
Consisted of an accumulated body of English law and custom, including acts of Parliament.
When were the writs of assistance?
General search warrants that gave customs officials in America the power to inspect any building suspected of holding smuggled goods.
What is Country Ideology?
Govt power is inherently aggressive and expansive.
What was the nonimportation movement?
An organized boycott of British manufactured goods.
Who were the Sons of Liberty?
A collection of loosely organized protest groups which put pressure on stamp distributors and British Authorities.
What was the Stamp Act Congress?
Nine colonies sent delegates to New York City in Oct 1765. Stepped up boycott of the Sugar Act and wrote the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
What were the Declaration of Rights and Grievances?
Denied Parliaments right to tax the colonies, and petitioned unsuccessfully both the King and Parliament to repeal the Stamp and Sugar Acts.
What was the Declaratory Act?
Gave Parliament the right to "legislate for the colonies in all cases whatsoever".
Who were the Regulators?
A vigilante group that emerged in 1766.
What were the Townshend Duty Act?
External tax on imported items such as lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea.
What was the Boston Massacre?
British fired on American civilians in Boston which caused additional friction between citizens and soldiers.
What were the committees of correspondence?
American leaders resolved to keep one another informed.
What was the Tea Act of 1773?
Permitted the company to ship tea from its warehouses in Britain without paying the duty normally collected.
What was the Boston Tea Party?
A group of well-organized men disguised as Indians raced aboard the tea ship Dartmouth, broke open 342 chests of tea, and heaved the contents in the harbor.
What were the Coercive Acts?
A series of repressive measures beginning in 1774.
What was the Boston Port Act?
Closed the port of Boston to all incoming and outgoing traffic until the East India Company was reimbursed for the tea.
What was the Massachusetts Government Act?
Provided that the Crown would appoint members of the governor's council and limited the number of town meetings.
What was the Quebec Act?
Extended boundaries of Quebec south to the Ohio River.
What were the Suffolk Resolves?
Denounced the Coercive Acts as unconstitutional, advised the people to arm, and called for general economic sanctions against Britain.
What was the Continental Association?
Created by Congress to organize and enforce sanctions against the British.
Who were the Whigs?
Advocates of the Revolution.
Who were the Tories?
Loyalists to the Crown.