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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
immunosuppression
a chemical of your body's natural defense mechanisms
exotoxins
toxic substance secreted by living orgaminsms into the environment
endotoxins
toxic substance produced/released by some bacterial cells as the cell dies
intoxication
the poisoning of tissue by a toxin
inflammatory repsonse
a response by the body to defend against pathogens
prions
protein substances that are infectious and reproduce within living systems
dinoflagellates
unicellular marine organisms with flagella
helminth parasites
worm-like parasites
yeasts
unicellular fungi that replicate by asexual budding
mycelium
mass of interwoven branched thread-like filaments of most fungi
hyphae
thread-like structures of mycelium in mold
mold
multicellular fungi whose structure consists of filaments
opportunistic invader
a microbe that will take advantage of the host's weakend immunity to increase in number
ciliates
protist that moves by use of cilia
flagellates
protist that moves by use of flagella
amoebae
sarcodina protist that move by way of cytoplasmic streaming
eukaryotes
a cell of orgamism with that have a true membrane bond nucleus
asymptomatic carrier
an organism that has the organism but does not show symptoms of it
colonization
presence and multiplication of microorganisms
obligatory
needs of some microbes in order to reproduce
facultative
a microorganism that will require some special requirement
anaerobes
microorganisms that can live in an environment without oxygen
aerobes
microorganisms that live only in the presence of oxygen
spirilli
spiral shaped bacteria
bacilli
rod shaped bacteria
cocci
spherical round shaped bacteria
spore
a restraint life stage of some microorganisms like bacteria and fungi
gram negative
pink stain that demonstrates thinner cell wall bacteria
gram positive
violet stain that demonstrates thinner cell wall bacteria
fomite
an inanimate (nonliving) object that can spread a disease
parenteral route
the pathway used by pathogens to enter the body
viremia
presence of virus in the blood
bacteremia
presence of bacteria in the blood
innoculum
the cells added to infect a culture
antibody-mediated immunity
immune system response by the B-cells
cell-mediated immunity
immune system response by the T-cells
active immunity
immunity aquired after exposure to a disease
passice immunity
immunity required from fluid from another organism
compromised host
an individual whose general defenses and immunity are weakend
Chlamydia
gram negative bacteria that causes urethritis, and is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the U.S.
tissue culture
the process of making tissue in a culture medium and not in the body
provirus
a stage of the virus when it becomes a part of the host DNA/chromosomes
host
the organism in which a parasite obtains its shelter and nutrition
genome
the full compliment genes of an organism
lysis
to ruptue a cell