Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the characteristics of bacteria?
Prokaryotes, Ds circular DNA, Plasmids, capsules, no membrane bound organelles except ribosomes
How do bacteria move?
flagella, axial filaments, pili(conjugation)
What are the 2 characteristics of bacterial cell walls?
Gram positive and gram negative
What are the characteristics of gram positive membranes?
Thick peptidoglycan layer that contains teichoic acids.
What are the characteristics of gram negative membranes?
Thin peptidoglycan layer, surrounded by an outer membrane comprised of O antigen and Lipid A
What polymers make up the peptidoglycan layer?
What is unique about Mycobacteria?
The wall contains mycolic acids that resist drying
What kind of nutrition do bacteria exhibit?
What kind of mutations do bacteria exhibit?
point, substitutions, insertions, recombinations
How do bacteria protect themselves from the environment?
endospores, dehydration caused by calcium and dipicolinic acids
What are characteristics of Eukaryotic cells?
Membrane bound organelles that synthesize, add lipids, glycosolate, sort, protect, and form ATP
What are characteristics of yeast and mold?
fungi, mold-budding, yeast-hyphae that may form mycelium
What are two infections associated with fungi?
Deep and superficial mycoses
Trypanosomes and plasmodium are protozoa injected thru?
Entamoeba is a protozoa injected by?
Roundworm, tapeworm, flukes, Trichinella are examples of?
Parasitic worms
Viral genes can be RNA or DNA and Ds or Ss, what are they stored in?
Capsids surrounded by capsomeres
What are common forms of viral transmission?
inhalation, food, water, direct transfer, or bites
What are four effects of viruses on cells?
Lysis, latent infection(hep b), persistant(herpes), transformation