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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aspergillus
opportunistic mold (fungal) infection
bactericidal
kills bacteria
bacteriostatic
slows bacterial growth
Borrelia burgdorferi
the causative agen of Lyme disease (extracellular bacterium)
Candida albicans
opportunistic yeast (fungal) infection, causative agent of candidiasis
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
infections resulting from hole in the repertoire of CD4+ T cells
Cryptococcus neoformans
encapsulated fungal infection
delayed hypersensisitivy reaction (DTH)
reaction in which memory CD4+ T cells are activated
humman immunodeficiency virus
the causative agent of aquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
lactoferrin
binds iron which is a growth requirement for bacteria
lysozyme
weakens cell wall of some bacteria
Mantoux reaction
term refers to the skin test for TB
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
intracellular bacterium, causative agent of TB
mycoses
fungal infections
Neisseria gonorrhea
the causative agent of gonorrhea (requires MAC for effective elimination)
opportunistic
present in normal and immunocompromised host, but only causes disease in immunocompromised host
seroconversion
refers to the fact that antibodies can be detected in serum
Shigella dysenteriae
the causative agent of Shigella dysentery
Shigella species
intracellular bacterium, causative agent of GI disorders
syncytia formation
the fusion of CD4+ T cells to form one large multinucleated cell that lacks CD4+ T cell function
Staphylococcus aureus
a causative agent of localized skin infections (extracellular bacterium)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
the causative agent of respiratory tract infections (encapsulated extracellular bacterium)
stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1)
chemokine, ligand for the CXCR4 receptor