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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sterilization
Kills of removes all forms of living organisms
Pasteurization
heat is applied to liquids; most viruses are inactivated; 98% of bacteria and fungi are killed. Some pathogens may survive
Scrubbing
removes many microbes mechanically
(washing hands)
Boiling
for 30 minutes kills all vegetative forms of pathogenic bacteria; spores survive; some non pathogens survive
X-rays
in specific doses kills microbes; used to sterilize medical items and foods
Disinfectant
destroys vegetative cells of pathogens; does not kill spores; irritating or harmful to living tissues (skin) EX: bleach
Antiseptic (antisepsis) and Bacteriostatic (bacteriostasis)
kills or inhibits vegetative cells of pathogens but not spores
germicide
kills bacteria, but only those mentioned on the product label
Asepsis
those practices that prevent the entry of infectious agents into sterile tissues (Washing hands, sterilize table)
cide
to kill
static
to inhibit
Ethyl or Isopropyl alcohol
good disinfectant; does not kill spores; inexpensive
Cidex (sonacide)
kills bacteria, spores, and viruses; used on objects; high odor
Betadine
an iodine compound used on skin and objects;kills bacteria, fungi, amoeba, and viruses.
Hibiclens
hand disinfectant (used in lab)
Wavecide
table disinfectant
Fungicides
kills fungi including their spores
Antivirals
halt or hinder viral multiplication
Normal Flora
Microbes, which are normally and consistently present in or on parts of the body. They are mainly bacteria. Normal flora can over grow and cause disease if a person's immmune system weakens, if the person is compromised, in ratiation therapy, in the elderly, alcoholism, etc
transient flora
microbes that can move to other areas of the body
Atibiotics
can adjust the normal flora