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23 Cards in this Set

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What are the two main types of T cells and what is their function?
Cytotoxic T cells - brings about destruction of antigen-virus infected or cancer cell. responsible for cell-mediated immunity

Helper T-cells regulate immunity by secreting cytokines-chemicals enhance response of immune cells
What are the characteristics of secondary immune response?
1. antibodies of the IgG class areproduced
2. antibody production last longer than primary
3. a lot antibodies are made quickly
4. lymphocyte cloning occurs
What immunoglobin comines with allergen to create mast cell secretions?
IgE
What are microbes?
protozoans
fungi
bacteria
virus
what are adhesion factors?
surface molecules that increase pathogenic bacteria to adhere to intestinal lining
by what means is the common cold transmitted? indirect, direct, vector or airborne?
direct
The third largest microbe causing disease is _________
bacteria
viral capsids are composed of ________
protein
DEFINE GENOME AND TELL WHERE IT IS LOCATED IN A VIRUS CELL?
GENOME IS THE FULL SET OF GENTIC INFO LOCATED IN THE CAPSID OF THE VIRUS.
______________ IS THE MOST CONTAGIOUS OF ALL HUMAN DISEASES.
MEASLES
A PRION IS MADE UP OF __________
LIPID
WHAT IS THE PROTOZOAN FOUND IN DRINKING WATER?
STAPHYLOCOCCUS
________ ARE DISEASES CAUSED BY FUNGI
MYCOSES
WHAT IS THE MICROBE THAT CAUSES YEAST INFECTIONS?
BACTERIA
WHAT IS HISTOPLASMOSIS?
SYSTEMIC FUNGI INFECTION FOUND IN TB
WHAT ARE THE THREE FUNCTIONS OF THE BLOOD?
1. TRANSPORTS OXIGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE & WASTES, AND SECRETED HORMONES FROM TISSUES
2. DEFENSE AGAINST PATHOGENS - ENGULF AND DESTROY PATHOGENS
3. REGULATION - REGULATES BODY TEMP, MAINTAINS SALT & WATER BALANCE
WHAT IS PLASMA IN THE BLOOD?
LIQUID PORTION OF THE BLOOD - 92% IS WATER... 7% CONTAINS PROTEINS - OTHER SOLUTIONS 1%
WHAT IS NEUTROPHIL?
TYPE OF WHITE BLOOD CELL - MAKES UP 40-70% OF BLOOD-
PHOGOCYTIZSE BACTERIA
WHAT IS LYMPHOCYTE?
TYPE OF WHITE BLOOD CELL MAKES UP 20-45% OF PLASMA- COMPOSED OF B CELLS AND T CELLS - B CELLS PRODUCE ANTIBODIES & LYMPH, T CELLS KILL VIRUS CONTAINING CELLS
WHAT IS MONOCYTE?
4-8% WHITE BLOOD CELL- EATS BACTERIA AND VIRUSES
WHAT IS EOSINOPHILS?
TYPE OF WHITE BLOOD CELL 1-4% - EATS AND DESTROYS ANTIGEN-ANTIBODY COMPLEXES
WHAT ARE BASOPHILS?
1% OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS
RELEASES HISTAMINE, PROMOTES BLOOD FLOW TO INJURED TISSUE
WHAT IS NLMEB?
NEVER LET MONKEYS EAT BANANAS OR

NEUTROPHILS
LYMPHOCYTES
MONOCYTES
EOSINOPHILS
BASOPHILS