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73 Cards in this Set

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FIRE
RAPID CHEMICL REACTION THAT GIVES OFF ENERGY AND PRODUCTS OF COMBUSTION THAT ARE VERY DIFFERENT IN COMPOSITION FROM THE FUEL AND OXYGEN THAT COMBINED TO PRODUCE THEM (PG33)
SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT IN THE UNITED STATES
ENGLISH OR CUSTOMARY SYSTEM (PG34)
SYSTEM FOR MOST OTHER NATIONS AND THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY
INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS OR SI AFTER THE FRENCH SYSTEME INTERNATIONAL (PG34)
BSE UNIT FOR LENGTH IN SI
METER (PG 34)
WEIGHT
MEASUREMENT OF THE GRAVITATIONAL ATTRACTION ON A SPECIFIC MASS (PG 34)
CUSTOMARY SYSTEM UNIT FOR WEIGHT
POUND OR lb (PG 34)
IN SI WEIGHT IS CONSIDERED TO BE A FORCE AND IS MEASURED IN...
NEWTONS (N) (PG 34)
ENERGY
THE CAPACITY TO PERFORM WORK (PG 34)
WORK OCCURS WHEN...
A FORCE IS APPLIED TO AN OBJECT OVER A DISTANCE (PG 34)
WORK IS...
THE TRANSFORMATION OF ENERGY FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER (PG 34)
THE SI UNIT FOR WORK
JOULE (J) (PG 34)
THE CUSTOMARY SYSTEM UNIT FOR WORK IS
FOOT-POUND (ft lb) (PG 34)
CHEMICAL
ENERGY RELEASED AS A RESULT OF A CHEMICAL REACTION SUCH AS COMBUSTION (PG 35)
MECHANICAL
ENERGY AND OBJECT IN MOTION POSSESSES SUCH AS A ROCK ROLLING DOWN A HILL (PG 35)
ELECTRICAL
ENERGY DEVELOPED WHEN ELECTRONS FLOW THROUGH A CONDUCTOR (PG 35)
HEAT
ENERGY TRANSFERRED BETWEEN TWO BODIES OF DIFFERING TEPERATURE SUCH AS THE SUN AND THE EARTH (PG 35)
LIGHT
VISIBLE RADIATION PRODUCED AT THE ATOMIC LEVEL SUCH AS A FLAME PRODUCED DURING THE COMBUSTION REACTION (PG 35)
NUCLEAR
ENERGY RELEASED WHEN ATOMS ARE SPLIT (FISSION) OR JOINED TOGETHER (FUSION); NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS GENERATE POWER AS A RESULT OF THE FISSION OF URANIUM-235 (PG 35)
KINETIC ENERGY
ENERGY POSSESED BY AN OBJECT THAT CAN BE RELEASED INT THE FUTURE (PG 35)
POWER
AMOUNT OF ENERGY DELIVERED OVER A GIVEN PERIOD OF TIME (PG 35)
UNIT OF POWER IN CUSTOMARY SYSTEM
HORSEPOWER (hp) (PG 35)
UNIT OF POWER IN SI
WATTS (W) (PG 35)
HEAT
ENERGY TRANSFERRED FROM ONE BODY TO ANOTHER WHEN THE TEMPERATURES OF THE BODIES ARE DIFFERENT (PG 36)
CALORIE
AMOUNT OF HEAT REQUIRED TO RAISE THE TEMPERATURE OF 1 GRAM OF WATER 1 DEGREE CELSIUS (PG 36)
BRITISH THERMAL UNIT
AMOUNT OF HEAT REQUIRED TO RAISE THE TEMPERATURE OF 1 POUND OF WATER 1 DEGREE FAHRENHEIT (PG 36)
MECHANICAL EQUIALENT OF HEAT
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE CALORIE AND THE JOULE, WHERE 1 CALORIE EQUALS 4.187 JOULES AND A BTU EQUALS 1,055 JOULES
THE RATE AT WHICH HEAT IS TRANSFERRED IS RELATED TO...
THE DEPERATURE DIFFERENTIAL OF THE BODIES
IN SI, HEAT TRANSFER IS MEASURED IN...
KILOWATTS (kW) (PG 36)
IN THE CUSTOMARY SYSTEM, HEAT TRANSFER IS MEASURED IN...
BTU'S PER SECOND OR BTU/SEC (PG 36)
MECHANISMS OF HEAT TRANSFER
CONDUCTION, CONVECTION, RADIATION
RADIATION
TRANSMISSION OF ENERGY AS AN ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE
CONDUCTION
POINT-TO-POINT TRANSMISSION OF HEAT ENERGY (HEAT CANNOT BE CONDUCTED THOUGH A VACUUM BECAUSE THERE IS NO MEDIUM FOR POINT-TO-POINT CONTACT
HEAT TRANSFER EARLY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALL FIRES IS ALMOST ENTIRELY DUE TO...
CONDUCTION
CONVECTION
TRANSFER OF HEAT ENERGY BY THE MOVEMENT OF HEATED LIQUIDS OR GASES
MATTER
ANYTHING THAT OCCUPIES SPACE AND HAS MASS
AS THE PRESSURE ON THE SURFACE OF A SUBSTANCE DECREASES...
SO DOES THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH IT BOILS
IF THE PRESSURE ON THE SURFACE OF A SUBSTANCE INCREASES...
SO WILL THE TEMPERATURE IT WILL BOIL
DENSITY
MEASURE OF HOW TIGHTLY THE MOLECULES OF A SOLID SUBSTANCE ARE PACKED TOGETHER
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
RATIO OF THE MASS OF A GIVEN VOLUME OF A LIQUID COMPARED WITH THE MASS OF AN EQUAL VOLUME OF WATER
VAPOR DENSITY
THE DENSITY OF A GAS VAPOR IN RELATION TO AIR
THE LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MASS-ENERGY
MASS AND ENERGY MAY BE CONVERTED FROM ONE TO ANOTHER, BUT THERE IS NEVER ANY NET LOSS OF TOTAL MASS-ENERGY
CHEMICAL CHANGES
SUBSTANCES ARE TRANSFORMED INTO NEW SUBSTANCES WITH DIFFERENT PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
OXIDATION
THE FORMATION OF A CHEMCIAL BOND BETWEEN OXYGEN AND ANOTHER ELEMENT
COMBUSTION
A SELF-SUSTAINING CHEMICAL REACTION YIELDING ENERGY OR PRODUCTS THAT CAUSE FURTHER REACTIOS OF THE SAME KIND
FIRE (AS IT RELATES TO OXIDATION)
A RAPID, SELF SUSTAINING OXIDIZATION PROCESS ACCOMPANIED BY THE EVOLUTION OF HEAT AND LIGHT OF VARING INTENSITIES
EXOTHERMIC
REACTIONS THAT GIVE OFF HEAT
ENDOTHERMIC
REACTIONS THAT ABSORB ENERGY AS THEY OCCUR
FIRE TETRAHEDRON
OXYGEN
FUEL
HEAT
SELF-SUSTAINED CHEMICAL REACTION
OXIDIZING AGENTS
THOSE MATERIALS THAT HIELD OXYGEN OR OTHER OXIDIZING GASES DURING THE COURSE OF A CHEMICAL REACTION
COMMON OXIDIZERS
BROMATES
BROMINE
CHLORATES
CHLORINE
FLUORINE
IODINE
NITRATES
NITRIC ACID
NITRITES
PERCHLORATES
PERMAGANATES
PEROXIDES
COMBUSTION IS SUPPORTED AT OXYGEN CONCENTRATIONS AS LOW AS...
14%
OXYGEN ENRICHED
OXYGEN CONCENTRATIONS ABOVE 21%
TYPE OF MATERIAL THAT WILL AUTO IGNITE IN OXYGEN ENRICHED ENVIORNMENTS
PETROLEUM-BASED
FUEL
THE MATERIAL OR SUBSTANCE BEING OXIDIZED OR BURNED IN THE COMBUSTION PROCESS
LOWEST % OF O2 THAT WILL SUPPORT COMBUSTION
14%
TWO KEY FUEL RELATED FACTORS INVOLVED IN THE COMBUSTION PROCESS
THE PHYSICAL STAE OF FUEL AND ITS DISTRIBUTION
PYROLYSIS
CHEMICAL DECOMPOSITION OF A SUBSTANCE THROUGH THE ACTION OF HEAT
SURFACE TO MASS RATIO
SURFACE AREA OF THE FUEL IN PROPORTION TO THE MASS
VAPORIZATION
TRANSFORMATION OF A LIQUID TO ITS VAPOR OR GASEOUS STATE
FLAMMABLE (EXPLOSIVE) RANGE
RANGE OF CONCENTRATIONS OF THE FUEL VAPOR AND AIR
LOWER FLAMMABLE LIMIT
MINIMUM CONCENTRATION OF FUEL VAOR AND AIR THAT SUPPORTS COMBUSTION
CONCENTRATIONS THAT ARE BELOW THE LFL ARE...
TO LEAN
UPOER FLAMMABLE LIMIT
CONCENTRATION ABOVE WHICH COMBUSTION CANNOT TAKE PLACE
ACELYLENE (LFL/UFL)
2.5/100.0
CARBON MONOXIDE (LFL/UFL)
12.5/74.0
ETHYL ALCOHOL (LFL/UFL)
3.3/19.0
FUEL OIL NO 1 (LFL/UFL)
0.7/5.0
GASOLINE (LFL/UFL)
1.4/7.6
HYDROGEN
4.0/75.0
METHANE (LFL/UFL)
5.0/15.0
PROPANE (LFL/UFL)
2.1/9.5
FUEL LOAD (FIRE LOAD)
THE TOTAL AMOUNT (MASS) OF FUEL IN A COMPARTMENT OR SPECIFIC LOCATION MULTIPLIED BY THE HEAT OF COMBUSTION OF THE MATERIALS
CHEMICAL HEAT ENERGY
MOST COMMON SOURCE OF HEAT IN COMBUSTION REACTIONS