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283 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define Computer
A programmable, electronic device that accepts data input
Define Hardware
The physical parts of the computer
Define Hyperlink
Text or an image that is linked to a web page or another document
Define Internet
The largest and most well-known computer network
Define Operating System
A type of system software that enables a computer to operate and manage its resources and activities
Define Software
The instructions that tell the computer what to do
Define Storage
The operation of saving data, programs ot output for future use
Define Supercomputer
The fastest most expensive and most powerful type of computerr
Define Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
An Internet address usually beginning with http://
Define Website
A collection of related web pages usually belonging to an individual or organization
T OR F

A mouse is one common type of input device
TRUE
T OR F

Software includes all the physical equipment in a computer system
FALSE
T OR F


A computer can run without an operating system if it has good application software
FALSE
T OR F

One of the most common types of home computers is a midrange server
FALSE
T OR F

An example of a domain name is microsoft.com
TRUE
_____ is the operation on which data is entered into the computer
INPUT
A _____ PC can come in convertable or slate form
TABLET
Web pages are connected using _____, which can be either text or images
HYPERLINKS
Electronic messaages sent over the Internet that can be retrieved by the recipient at his or her convenience are called _____
EMAIL
____ allows access to resources on the Internet
WEB BROWSER
_____ supervises the running of all other programs on the computer
OPERATING SYSTEM
_____ helps prepare written documents such as letters and reports
WORD PROCESSING PROGRAM
_____ allows an individual to create application programs
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
A CPU is a ____ device
PROCESSING
A Monitor is a ____ device
OUTPUT
A CD drive is a ____ device
STORAGE
A keyboard is a ____ device
INPUT
A hard drive is a ____ device
STORAGE
A modem is a ____ device
COMMUNICATION
A speaker is a ____ device
OUTPUT
A DVD drive is a ____ device
STORAGE
A microphone is a ____ device
OUTPUT
The starting page for a web site is called the site's...
HOME PAGE
For the email address jsmith@course.com, jsmith is the ____, and course.com is the _____ name
USER NAME/MAIL SERVER
The email address pronounced bill gee at microsoft dot com is written...
billg@microsoft.com
one of the most common online security risks today is a computer becoming infected with a ____
VIRUS
What is the difference between a tablet PC and a notebook PC?
A notebook is a full computer with a keyboard amd mouse/ a tablet has no keyboard - input is done with a pen on the screen
List two resons why a business may choose to network its employees' computers.
Access company database/communicate with other employees via email
If a computer manufacturer called APEX created a home page for the web, what would its URL likely be? Also, supply an appropriate email address for yourself assuming that you are amployed by that company.
http://www.apex.com
sslaughter@apex.com
Define ASCII
A fixed length binary coding system representing text based data
Define Binary Numbering System
Represents all numbers using 0 and 1
Define byte
a group of 8 bits
Define Central Processing Unit (CPU)
the part of the computer that corrdinates its operations
Define Control Unit
Chip that preforms the computer's processing
Define Motherboard
themain circut board of a computer
Define nonotechnology
The science of creating tiny computers on the atomic and molecular level
Define parellel processing
the use of multiple processors at the same time
Define Random access memory (RAM)
Temporary location for computer to hold data and instructions while needed
Define Universal Serial Bus (USB)
A universal bus used to connect up to 127 peripheral devices to a computer without requiring the use of additional expansion cards
T OR F

A storage medium that can hold 256 GB can hold about 256 billion characters
TRUE
T OR F

ASCII is the coding system used by a computer to preform mathmatical computations
FALSE
T OR F

Cache memory is typically built into a CPU
TRUE
T OR F

A bus is apathway, such as a motherboard or inside the CPU, along which bits can be transferred
TRUE
T OR F

Computers that process data with lights are referred to as quantum computers
FALSE
The binary number 101 is equivalent to the decimal number ____
13
The main memory to computer uses to temporarily store programs and data it is working with is ____
RAM (Random Access Memory)
A ____ is a connector on the exterior of a computer's system unit into which a perphieral device may be plugged
PORT
With ____ the CPU is able to begin executing a new instruction as soon as th eprevious instruction finishes the first stage of the machine sysle
PIPELINING
List the sizes of bytes from smallest to largest
Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte, Petabyte, Exabyte, Zettabyte, Yottabyte
What does KB stand for
Kilobyte
What does RAM stand for
Randoma Access Memory
What does ROM stand for
Read Only memory
What does USB stand for
Universal Serial Port
What does PCIe stand for
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express
What does CPU stand for
Central Processing Unit
If you have a USB mouse, USB keyboard, and USB printer to connect to a PC, but you only have two USB ports. Explain one solution to this problem
Use a USB hub
If you PC seems sluggish, list two things you can do to try to speed it up.
Defrag the hard drive and add more memory
Define Disk Cahe
A dedicated part of Ram used to store additional adata adjacent to data retreived during a disk fetch to improve system performance
Define DVD-ROM disc
An optical disc, usually holding 4.7 GB, that can be read from, but not written to by the user
Define file
Something stored on a storage medium
Define Flash memory card
a smallrectangular flash memory media
Define flash memory drive
A small drive that usually plugs into a PC's USB port
Define folder
a named placed on a storgae medium where files are stored
define Hard Disk Drive
a storage system with one or more metal megnetic disks permanently sealed with an access mechanisim inside
Define Nonvolatile
A storage medium that retains its contents when the power is shut off
Define RAID
a storage method that uses several small hard disks in parellel to do the job of a larger disk
Define remote Storage
a storage device that is not directly part of the PC being used
T OR F

A computer system with a C drive and a D drive must have two physical hard drives
FALSE
T OR F

The smallest amount of space a file on a disk can take up is one cluster
TRUE
T OR F

External hard drives typically connect via a flash memory reader
FALSE
T OR F

A CD-R is a type of read-only optical disk
FALSE
T OR F

Most PC's today include a hard disk drive
TRUE
A storage medium is ____ if it loses its content when the power is shut off
VOLATILE
A single-sided, single-layer DVD disk typically holds ____
4.7 GB
A ____ looks similar to a credit card but contains a chip and other circuitry into which data can be stroed
SMART CARD
Secure digital (SD) cards are one type of ____ medium
FLASH MEMORY
What Drive letter would a floppy disk be on your compter
A:
What Drive letter would the hard drive be on your compter
C:
What Drive letter would a CD/DVD drive be on your compter
D:
How many bytes does a kilobyte have
1024
Explain why CD-ROM discs are not erasable, but CD+RW discs are.
CD-ROM's pits are molded into the surface during the manufacturing/CD+RW use temperature to change data on a disk
What does the term "solid-state drive" means. List one storage device to which this terms applies
There are no movable parts/ flash media card
Which three types of storage media would be appropriate for someone who needed to exchange large (5 MB to 7b MB) files with another person and why
Zip disk - share between zip users/CD-R - good for music file sharing/ CD-RW - reuse for multiple use & cost efficiency
DEFINE Digital camera
An input device that takes pictures and records them as digital data
DEFINE Electronic pen
An input device that is used to write electronically on a screen
DEFINE handwritting recognition
The ability of a device to recognize handwritten characters
Define laser printer
An output device using toner powder similiar to a photocopier to produce images on paper
DEFINE mouse
A common pointing device
DEFINE Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
The ability of a scanning device to recognize handwritten or typed characters and cenvert them as electronic form as text
DEFINE OLED Display
Flan panle display that uses emissive organic material
DEFINE RFID tag
a device containing tiny chips to be identified using RFID technology
DEFINE scanner
an input device that reads printed text and graphics and transfers them inot a computer in digital form
DEFINE touch screen
a disply device that uses touch to input data
T OR F

A keyboard is an example of a pointing device
FALSE
T OR F

most digital cameras store photos on a conventional floppy disk
FALSE
T OR F

UPC is a type of barcode
TRUE
T OR F

Consumer kiosks located in retails stores commonly use touch screens for input
TRUE
T OR F

An ink-jet printer mormally produces a better image than a laser printer
FALSE
With ____ software, pen-based OC's can convert handwritten text into editable, typed text
Handwritting recognition
A ____ scanner can be used to convert flat printed documents into digital form
Scanner
The smallestcolorable area in an electronic image is called a ____
Pixel
Portable PC's virtually always use _____, while desktop PC's may use ____ monitirs
Flat panel/cathode ray
____ uses a joystick as an input device
GAMING
____ uses a stylus as an input device
Pen-based computing
____ uses a touch screen as an input device
Consumer kiosk
____ uses a keyboard as an input device
Text based data entry
____ is used to access a secure facility
Biometric reader
____ is used to track goods
RFIS tag
Input or Output Device

BIOMETRIC READER
INPUT
Input or Output Device

GRAPHICS TABLET
INPUT
Input or Output Device

SPEAKER
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

PHOTO PRINTER
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

FLAT PANEL DISPLAY
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

DIGITAL CAMERA
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

POINTING STICK
INPUT
Input or Output Device

MICROPHONE
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

OLED DISPLAY
OUTPUT
Input or Output Device

JOYSTICK
INPUT
A _____ printer should be used to print inexpensive color printouts
INK-JET PRINTER
A _____ printer should be used to print all output for an entire office
Network laser printer
A _____ printer should be used to print receipts for jet ski rentals at the beach
Portable Printer
A _____ printer should be used to print high quality b & W business letters and reports at home
Personal laser printer
List three advantages of RFID technology over barcode
Can be updated via an antenna, does not require multiple scans to track, does not require a line of sight to be read
Would an OLED display or an LCD display use more battery power and why?
LCD - requires to be backlit to be seen, need additional lighting for this reason and therefore addtional power
List one person or business application the a dox matric printer is more appropriate than another printer and why
High volume carbon forms in a business - ribbons are cheaper to replace than toner cartridges
DEFINE Backup
a duplicate copy of data
DEFINE device drive
a program that enable a computer to communicate with a specific hardware device
DEFINE Linux
a version on UNIX availbale without charge over the Internet
DEFINE MAC OS
the most recent version of the operating system used on Apple computers
DEFINE multiprocessing
The capability of an operating system to use multiple processors in a single computer
DEFINE operating system
The main component of system softare that enable a computer to manage its activities
DEFINE spooling
The process of placing items in a buffer so they can be retreived when needed
DEFINE utility program
A type of software that performs a specific task
DEFINE virtual memory
A memory management technique that uses hard drive space as an extension to a PC's RAM
DEFINE Windows Mobile
a familiy of operating systems based on Widows designed for handheld PC's
T OR F

Microsoft Windows XP is an example of an operating system
TRUE
T OR F

Most operating systems today use a command line interface
FALSE
T OR F

The principal reason so many people like UNIX is that is is much easier to use than competing operating systems
FALSE
T OR F

Solaris is an operating system designed for smart phones
FALSE
T OR F

Linux can be used on mainframe and supersomputers
TRUE
System software consists of ____ software and ____ programs
operating system/utility
____ is a popular version on UNIX available for free over the Internet
LINUX
To decreas the size of a file, a ____ utility program can be used
File compresion
To guard against losing your data if a computer problem occus, you should ____ your data files on a regular basis
Back up
A home office PC uses ____ operating system
Windows XP professional
mainframe computer uses ____ operating system
UNIX
A smart phone uses ____ operating system
Symbian OS
A business network server uses ____ operating system
NetWare
A handheld PC uses ____ operating system
Palm OS
A living room PC uses ____ operating system
Windows XP Media Center Edition
For C:/Mydocuments/resume.doc identify the drive the document is located on
C:/
For C:/Mydocuments/resume.doc identify the name of the file
resume.doc
For C:/Mydocuments/resume.doc identify the drive the folder
My documents
A ____ uses a file compression technique
Zipped file
A ____ uses NetWare
Server Operating System
A ____ uses virtual memroy
swap file
A ____ folder uses a file management program
Folder
a _____ uses spooling
printer
____ uses multiprocessing
Simultaneous processing
DOS uses _____
command line interface
_____ uses a disk management program
Fragmentation
Would a notebook PC typically have Windos 3.1, Windows XP, Windows Mobile or Windows Server 2003 installed as its operating system and why
XP - it would have the lastest version of operating system just as a home computer
What type of utility program can be used to make a duplicate copy of your hard drive
Back up
What is the purpose of a file management program
look at files and folders on a PC
What is the purpose of a search tool
find files base don specific parameters
What is the purpose of an uninstall utility
to remove program files from your hard drive
What is the purpose of a file compression program
reduce the file size to maximize storage
What is the purpose of an antivirus program
protect PC from criminal acts
DEFINE cell
a location of an intersection of a row and column on a worksheet into which data can be typed
DEFINE database
a colelction of related data that is stored in a manner enabling information ot be retrieved as needed
DEFINE field
a single category of data to be stored in a database
DEFINE formula
an entry in a worksheet that preforms computations
DEFINE label
a textbased entry in a worksheet cell that identifies data on a worksheet
DEFINE public domain software
Software that is not copyrighted and may be used without restrictions
DEFINE record
A collection of related fields in a database also called a row
DEFINE shareware
Copyrighted software that is distributed on the honor system
DEFINE Software license
an agreement that specifies the conditions under which a buyer of the program can use it
DEFINE workbook
a collection of worksheets saved in a single spreadsheet file
T OR F

Microsoft Office is on eexample of a software suite
TRUE
T OR F

Changing font size in a document is an example of a formatting operation
TRUE
T OR F

In a word processing document, the enter key is laways pressed at the end of each screen line to move down to the next line
FALSE
T OR F

The formula =A2+B2 located in cell C2 would multiply to two cells to th eleft of C2
FALSE
T OR F

One use for a media player program is to play downloaded music files
TRUE
With am _____ program, the source code for the program is available to th egeneral public and can be modified by others
Open source
th eblinking vertical line displayed onscreen that indicated the current location in a document is called the _____
insertion point
A named formula in a spreadsheet program in called a _____
function
In a relational database, the database object into which the actual data is entered is the _____
table
Creating a home movie DVD uses...
DVD burning software
Practicing multiplication tables uses...
educational software
Creating a child's birthday invitation uses...
personal publishing software
Looking up th ecapital of Brazil uses...
reference software
Listening to a music CD uses a...
media player
List the four main programs in Microsoft Office 2003 software suite and its use
word processing - create documents/spreadsheet - mathmatical documents/database - retrieving large amounts of data/presentation - visual presentations to communicate information
Would rearranging paragraphs in a document using a word processing program use a cut operation or a copy operation - explain
Cut - you are moving information around, not duplicating it
Show an absolute cell address in a spreadsheet
B6
Show a constant value in a spreadsheet
150
Show a formula in a spreadsheet
$D$4
Show a relative cell address
=B6*C6
Show a function in a spreadsheet
=SUM(A1:A2)
Adding an arrow to highlight a point located on a slide is a...
drawn object
Conveying the new company privacy policy is a ...
text chart
Illustrating the percent of sales coming from each sales territory uses a...
pie chart
Showing what the latest prototype of an upcoming product label looks like uses a ...
photograph
DEFINE bandwidth
the amount of data that can be transmitted over a communication medium at one time
DEFINE bluetooth
A communications standard for th every short-range wireless connections
DEFINE computer network
a collection of computers that are connected together
DEFINE Ethernet
a widely used communications protocol for a LAN
DEFINE global positioning system (GPS)
a system that uses satelittes and receivers to determine the exact geographic location of the receiver
DEFINE local area network (LAN)
a network that connects devices located in a small geographical area
DEFINE mesh network
A network in which there are multiple connections between devices so that messages can take several different paths
DEFINE network interface card (NIC)
an expansion card through which a computer can connect to a network
TCP/IP
the comunications protocal that uses packet switching to facilitate the transmission of messages - the protocal used bythe Internet
DEFINE WiMAX
An emerging wireless networking standard that is faster and has a greater range than Wi-Fi
T OR F

GPS systems are used only by the government
FALSE
T OR F

With serial transmissions, each bit of data is sent individually
TRUE
T OR F

The internet is an example of a LAN
FALSE
T OT F

the type of cable used inside most homes for telephone service is twisted-pair wiring
TRUE
T OR F

A router is a type of modem
FALSE
Using communications technology to work from home is called...
telecommunting
With a ___ network topology, all devies are connected in a line to a central cable
bus
A ___ orbits the earth to send and receive high-frequency high-speed radio signals
satelitte
A ____ is a network that transfers private information securely over the Internet or ither public network
virtual private network
_____ is used to diagnose a patient from a distance
telemedicine
_____ is used to have a meeting with geographically seperated individuals
videoconferencing
_____ is used to work from New York when you live in California
telecommuting
_____ is to drive across the country listening to continuous music
satelitte radio
_____ is used to receive telephone calls while you are shopping
cellular phone
_____ is used to determine your physical location while hiking
GPS
Can a cable modem transmit over telephone lines?
NO
Can a conventional dial up modem transmit over telephone lines?
YES
Can a DSL modem transmit over telephone lines?
YES
Can an ISDN modem transmit over telephone lines?
YES
Can a satelitte modem transmit over telephone lines?
NO
If you need to download a 350 KB file, and you have a 56 KBps conventional dial up modem, how long would it take to download and what would affect its spped?
6.25 seconds/large graphics in the file or th ecomputer running another application at the same time
What communications protocol does the Internet use?
TCP/IP
Explain the difference between Wi-Fi and bluetooth including the purposes for both
WIFI has a longer range and can be connected to other WIFI areas to create an even larger area covered bythis service/Bluetooth is designed to be more personal and is specific to a certain piece of equipment
DEFINE cookie
A small file stored on a user's hard drive by a Web server
DEFINE Dial-up connection
Internet connection using the a telephone line to connect to the Internet
DEFINE direct connection
Always on Internet connection
DEFINE distance learning
instruction and communication via the Internet
DEFINE Internet
largest and most well known computer network
DEFINE keyword
A word typed into a search box on a search site to locate information on the Internet
DEFINE search engine
A program used by a search site to retrieve matching web pages from a search database
DEFINE video on demand (VOD)
The process of downloading movies and television shows on demand via the Internet
DEFINE Web bug
A very small image on the Web page that transmits data about the page's visitor to the page's server
DEFINE World Wide Web
The collection of Web pages available through the internet
T OR F

When the Internet was first developed, it was called Mosaic
FALSE
T OR F

On the Internet, an access provider and a content provider are essentially the same thing
FALSE
T OR F

With a direct connection, you need only to open your browser to start the Internet session
TRUE
T OR F

A locked padlock on the browser's status bar indicates that the Web page currently being viewed is secure
TRUE
T OR F

With peer to peer file sharing, individuals upload files to a central server and then others can download them from that server
FALSE
_____ is a type of always on broadband internet service that transmits data over standard telephone lines
DSL
With a ____ serach, keywords are typed into the search box, with a ____ search, users select categories to find matching web pages
keyword/directory
_____ is a form of private chat set up to allow users to easily and quickly exchange real-time typed messages with the individuals they specify
Instant messaging
With an ____, people can bid on products over the Internet abd the higherst bidder purchases the item
online auction
One uses _____ to communicate with a friend in a different state
email
One uses ____ to rent a movie without leaving you home
video on demand
One uses ____ to pay only as much as you specify for an item purchased through the internet
Online auction
One uses ____ to pay a bill without writing a check
online banking
One uses ____ to post your original papers, resume, and other original materials created for school classes
E-portfolio
One uses _____ to find web pages containg information about growing your own bonsai tree
internet searching
_____ is a fast type of Intenet access via standard phone lines and does not tie up your phone
DSL
_____ is the most widely used type of home broadband connection and does not use standard telephone lines
CABLE
_____ accesse the internet via a standard telephone line and ties up the phone; max speed is 56kb ps
convential dial up
_____ access the internet wirelessly via a handlheld PD or mobile device
Mobile wireless
_____ requires a transceiver and a clear view of the southern sky
satelitte
_____ access the internet via standard phone lines and doesn ot tie up your lines; max speed is 128 kbps
ISDN
What would this search look for....

hot AND dog
sites that cover both hot and dogs
What would this search look for....

snorkel*
anything that has "snorkel" in its site
What would this search look for....

text: "intenet privacy" domain:gov
intetnet privacy only on th esites ending in ".gov"
List the different sets of keywords that could be used to search for information on how to maintain a trumpet
trumpet maintenance/trumpet upkeep/maintaing trumpet
Explain the difference between a blog, wiki and podcast
Blog - one way and one user means of conversation/Wiki - anyone can modify the posting/Podcast - created to be distributed but not modified
List one advantage and one disadvantafe of the use of web site cookies
Cookies remember your preferences/ cookies allow 3rd party advertisers to know you email address which leads to unsolicited emails