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55 Cards in this Set

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How is a VDP (visual descent point) used?
Visual descent points are used only on non-precision straight in approaches. AIM 5-44
What is the meaning of 'minimum fuel advisory"?
Minimum fuel advisory by the pilot does not give priority. AIM 5-84
During a visual approach, when is radar service terminated?
Radar service is terminated when you are told to contact the tower. AIM 5-80
What clearances can be issued to a pilot by ATC without being asked?
ATC can issue a pilot a visual approach, STAR, or SID when it wants to.
At what distance from the airport do you usually intercept the glideslope?
Glide slopes are usually intercepted 10 miles from the threshold.
If the ATIS does not give sky conditions you are supposed to know...
No sky condition in the ATIS means ceiling over 5000' and 5 mile visibility.
What reports are required when VFR-on-top?
VFR-on-top flights must give reports as though non-radar IFR.
At what point should the outbound timing begin when holding at an NDB?
When abeam the fix
What does 'cruise 6000' mean?
It lets you fly at any altitude from the IFR minimum to 6000'. You can climb and descend at your discretion but you cannot climb again if you have reported to ATC that you are leaving an altitude. A cruise clearance is also a clearance to your destination. Rarely used.
When does a microburst die?
A microburst becomes stronger for about five minutes and then takes another ten minutes to dissipate
What should you do if you enter a thunderstorm?
Continue straight ahead, ignore altitude changes, slow to Va, don't turn, and stay level.
At what temperature do most severe icing conditions occur?
0 to -10 degrees C
What is the effect of temperature on true airspeed?
True airspeed will vary directly with changes of temperature. TAS increases as temperature rise and decreases as temperatures fall.
What is the effect of true altitude on true airspeed?
True airspeed will vary directly with changes of true altitude. TAS increases as true altitude rises and decreases as true altitude becomes lower.
What the difference between flying "over the top" and "on top."
"VFR over the top" is when a VFR pilot flies over a ceiling "IFR over the top" is the act of flying VFR over a ceiling on

an IFR flight plan "VFR on top" is the clearance an IFR pilot must request while on an IFR flight
What depends on your distance from the antenna?
Terminal separation depends on the aircraft distance from the antenna. 3 miles is standard within 40 miles and 5 is standard beyond that the same as Center
What are minimum requirements for a contact approach
1 mile visibility and clear of clouds
What is the course width of a simplified directional facility (SDF)?
6-12 degrees
The marker light that flashes on a back course is what color?
white
When can a pilot change from an ILS to a Localizer approach.
A pilot can change from ILS to Localizer any time before descent to localizer minimums.
What is the requirement to advise ATC when you change departure time?
Notify if delayed more than 1 hour
What is the meaning of 'minimum fuel advisory"?
Minimum fuel advisory by the pilot does not give priority. AIM 5-84
What clearances can be issued to a pilot by ATC without being asked?
ATC can issue a pilot a visual approach, STAR, or SID when it wants to.
At what distance from the airport do you usually intercept the glideslope?
10 NM
What are coupled approaches
Approach with the use of autopilot
If the ATIS does not give sky conditions you are supposed to know...
No sky condition in the ATIS means ceiling over 5000' and 5 mile visibility. AIM 4-13
What reports are required when VFR-on-top?
VFR-on-top flights must give reports as though non-radar IFR
How long will a terminal forecast (TAF) be valid?
24 hrs
Weather Depiction Chart
Shows dots on each location. Fully black dot is overcast, number under dot is ceiling height in 100 ft, and number on left is visibility
Significant weather prog
There is high level, low level, and mid level. Shows turbulance, cumulonimbus, fronts, and sig. weather like thundersrorms
Why would an AIRMET not be issued over an area with moderate icing, moderate turbulence, 30+ knot winds, and ceilings of below 1000' and visibility less than three miles with extensive mountain obscuration?
if the information is in a TAF
Why is holding prohibited over the areas of a glideslope?
It can cause glideslope distortion
When does a microburst die?
A microburst becomes stronger for about five minutes and then takes another ten minutes to dissipate
What should you do if you enter a thunderstorm? How far should you stay away from them?
Continue straight ahead, ignore altitude changes, slow to Va, don't turn, and stay level. Stay away at least 20 nm
What is required for a contact approach
IFR flight plan, clear of clouds in one mile visibility, conditions expected to remain enroute to airport, must be requested by pilot.
In unusual attitude recovery, why level wings before fixing pitch?
Leveling wings reduces load factor and prevents a spiral dive.
What should you expect if crossing the threshold on the glide slope?
Crossing the threshold on the ILS on the glide slope will give touchdown at the 1000' markers.
How does a attitude indicator precess under acceleration?
When accelerated the AI moves down so that corrections will cause an unwarranted descent.
What is the effect of temperature on true airspeed? What is the effect of altitutde on TAS?
TAS increases as temperature rise and decreases as temperatures fall. TAS increases as true altitude rises and decreases as true altitude becomes lower.
Are VFR charts required for IFR flights?
VFR charts are not required for IFR flights but should you lose communications and be forced to fly in VFR conditions, and something happens where it would not have happened with VFR charts, the FAA can get you under the FAR "...all available information" requirement.
What do MEAs guarantee?
MEA guarantee navigation reception and obstruction clearance. Communications and radar coverage are NOT part of the agreement
What briefing is used to update a previous standard briefing?
Abbriviated Breifing
How do you obtain a pop-up clearance?
You get a pop-up clearance by contacting a radar facility. Give your type aircraft and equipment along with position and instrument approach request. You will be given a clearance along with a vector.
When can we expect wind shear near the ground?
Hazardous wind shear is likely to exist during extreme temperature inversions and near thunderstorms.
When handed off on a STAR how do you report to ATC?
When handed off on a STAR you should report the name of the STAR and that you are descending.
What is the holding pattern leg length
1.5 mins above 14k ft, 1 minute below
You can see the ground but not the airport while being vectored. What landing option exists?
Contact approach if you know the area
What do letters G, T, A, and no letter mean next to altituteds on En Route Charts?
G- min GPS altitude
T- MOCA
A- MORA
No letter- MEA
ASR, PAR, and no-gyro approach
ASR- azumuth guidance and suggested altitutdes
PAR- azumuth and vertical guidance provided
No-gyro approach- radar tells you how long to turn for (std rate)
How is an approach category determined for an aircraft?
1.3 times Vso (stall speed) in landing config at max gross weight
what is the max precision error for DG in ifr?
3 degrees every 15 minutes
Occluded front
happens when cold and warm fronts merge
What is a compass Locator?
when NDB and outer marker are co-located
What can u substitute for an inop component of ILS?
middle marker- PAR or compass Locator
OM- PAR, ASR, NDB, VOR, DME
What are the limits where you can receieve proper guidance from localizer?
35 degrees within 10NM and 10 degrees within 18NM of ILS, from 1,000-4,500 feet.