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9 Cards in this Set

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Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
General concepts
Consensus/Conflict/Culturalists
Reformulating question:
How much has been borrowed has been implemented?
Legitimation of contested reforms
Agency
Use of dependencies as laboratories (Ex. Dutch welfare policy in Suriname)
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
Who sees what? (Divergence or Convergence)
Consensus: convergence (Darwin)
Conflict: convergence (neo-colonialism, cult imperialism)
Culturalists: experts converging, creating hybrids
Bhaba – hybrid cultures, Appadurai – indigenization, transnational flows of ideas
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
Questions in PB/L
Have become more similar?
Emphasize similar over difference?
Are lenders saying convergence but oblivious?
Why transfer occur? How implemented? Who were agents of transfer?
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
Categories (3)
System Learning
System Transfer
System Equity
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
System Learning:
Seek system to emulate, Use foreign system to legitimate own
Ex.
Horace Mann – Prussian discipline w/o corporal punishment
Chubb & Moe – UK (same problems)
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
System Transfer
Borrowing not copying
Ex.
Agelasto – Shenghzen U. – US, Soviet, US indigenization
Dewey – how implemented as students return to own countries
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
System Equity
Colonial/Neo-colonial education & technical assistance
Ex.
US/UK – decentralize
Soviet/German – polytech
Adapted Education (1890-1950s)Hampton-Tuskegee Institutes (activity curriculum) applied by UK in Africa (rejected in Kenya, Algeria), New Zealand Maori
Steiner-Khamsi (2000)
Convergence of discourse
Ex.
Education for _______
Decentralization: marketization, efficiency, etc.
Baker & LeTendre (2005)
Reforms:
Solutions waiting for a problem
Narrow reforms counterproductive