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8 Cards in this Set

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Cryptosporidium
(taxonomy)
Phylum Acomplexia (cryptosporidium, plasmodium, toxoplasma, isospora, cyclospora, babesia)
Apical complex that facilitates cellular invasion
Cryptosporidium
(epidemiology)
Fecal-oral tranmission and Cocytes, sporozoites infect intestinal epithelial cells and complete their life cycle w/in this tissue
Cyrptosporidium
Acute (copious, watery) or chronic diarrhea (immunocompromised)
Cryptosporidium
(diagnosis)
Antigen, ACID-FAST STAIN, or fluorescent antibody stain of stool sample
Isospora/Cyclospora
Sporozoa
Like Cryptosporidium are GI parasites, cause watery diarrhea and are acid-fast
Diagnosis: Cyrptosporidium, Isospora, or Cyclospora?
Oocyst size and stain-sensitivity
Size: isospora (oval) >> cyclospora (poor acid-fast) > cryptosporidium
Microsporidia
(general)
Protozoans
Have special MT apparatus that injects infectiouos material into cells
Enterocytozoan/Encephalitozoan
Microsporidia (funny MT apparatus, intracellular pathogen)
CAUSE CHRONIC DIARRHEA/WATING IN AIDS PATIENTS