• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/33

Click to flip

33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
6 causes of ILD
viral
irradiation
PCP
mycoplasma
CHF
hypersensitivity
when cause of ILD is unknown, the disease is called ___
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)
2 chronic diseases associated with ILD
scleroderma
sarcoidosis
4 drugs associated with ILD
MTX
amiodarone
nitrofurantoin
cocaine
in IPF cough is worse/better than in COPD or asthma
better
main complaint in IPF is ___
exercise intolerance
normal age of onset of IPF
50
auscultation finding in IPF
dry rales at base
cardiovascular findings are those of ___
RHF
ESR in IPF is ___
high
in IPF due to sarcoidosis, ___ is high
ACE
in ILD the A-a gradient is high/low and goes up/down with exercise
high
up
instead of ABG to measure PaO2, you can use use ___
O2 saturation
the difference between parenchymal and non-parenchymal restrictive disease is
DLCO is only low in parenchymal
5 PFT findings in ILD
reduced FEV1
reduced FVC
normal or elevated FEV1/FVC
decreased RV
decreased TLC
___ is the pathological presentation of IPF
usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)
IPF is treated with __ (3)
CS
azathioprine
CTX
IPF is first treated with ___ for ___. if no response, use ___.
prednisone 0.5 mg/kg
1 month
cytotoxics
O2 therapy helps IPF patients more than ___
COPD patients
hypersensitivity pneumonitis has ___ (2) as pathological presentation
noncaseating granulomas
eosinophils
hypersensitivity pneumonitis tx
CS
hypersensitivity pneumonitis and IPF have ___ on chest CT
ground glass appearance
___ causes upper lung pneumoconiosis
silicosis
___ causes lower lung pneumoconiosis
asbestosis
silicosis patients are susceptible to ___
TB
___ may be present on CXR of silicosis patients
eggshell calcifications
sarcoidosis is characterized by ___ lymphadenopathy
bilateral hilar
in stages 3 and 4 of sarcoidosis there is no ___
lymphadenopathy
3 findings in sarcoidosis
hypercalcemia
hypercalciuria
high ACE
ACE is high in all ___ because ___
granulomatous diseases
it's made by macrophages
sarcoidosis Tx
CS
BOOP is
bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia
BOOP responds well to ___
CS