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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 hypo-conditions in ca
hyponatremia
hypoglycemia
hypercalcemia occurs in ___% of pts with solid tumors, most commonly in ___ (5)
10--20
MM
breast
lung
kidney
h&n
2 causes of hypercalcemia
PTHrP
hypervitaminosis D
hypervitaminosis D is common in ___
ly
4 top symptoms of hypercalcemia
fatigue
anorexia
nausea
constipation
hypercalcemia is txed with ___, especially ___. also give ___ (2)
bisphosphonates
zoledronate
saline
diuretic
severe cases of hypercalcemia get ___ (4). severest cases also get ___
calcitonin
bisphosphonate
saline
diuretic
dialysis
___ are effective at reducing hypervitaminosis D
CS
5 serum disturbances in tumor lysis syndrome
hyperuricemia
hyperkalemia
hyperphosphatemia
hypocalcemia
hyperazotemia
hypocalcemia in TLS is caused by ___
hyperphosphatemia
T/F: TLS is only associated with cytotoxic drugs
false
2 main factors for TLS
bulky tumor
pre-existing renal insufficiency
pts with TLS get ___ (3)
saline
allopurinol
diuretic
pts with renal failure get more/less allopurinol
less
allupurinol takes ___ days to reduce uric acid level
2--3 days
you want to raise/lower urine pH to make uric acid more soluble
goal pH is ___
raise
at least 7
pts who can't use allopurinol can use ___, which is ___.
rasburicase
recombinant urate oxidase
hyperkalemia is txed with ___ (2)
diet
furosemide
if K+ is above 7, use ___ or ___ or ___
Na+/K+ exchange resin
hypertonic Glc with insulin
NaHCO3