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60 Cards in this Set

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Pytheas
Discovered Ultima Thule
Ari Thorgilsson
wrote Book of Icelanders, c. 1250
Naddodd
Norwegian, sailed to Faroe Islands and drifted NW
Floki
set out with family to settle Gardar's Island, settled NW corner of Iceland. (Set out 3 ravens, 3rd of which flew to shore)
Gardar
Swedish, built houses on N coast of Iceland, named it Husavik.
Ingolf Arnason
settled Iceland c. 870, threw pillars of carved gods into sea, and settled Ingolfsholdi
Hjorleif Hrodmarson
settled Iceland c. 870, settled Hjorleifsholdi
Ulfljot
wise man sent to Norway to research government
Eirik the Red
exiled from Iceland, sent 25 ships out to Greenland in 986
Birgitta Wallace
expert on L'anse aux Meadows
King Olaf
Christianized Scandinavia?
Samund Sigfusson
1st known writer, whose works were lost
Peter Halberg
Swedish historian who tried to establish authorship of sagas
Ingolfsholdi
Ingolf's headland
Hjorleifsholdi
Hjorleif's headland
Husavik
"house bay," settled by Gardar
Vestmannaeyjar
West Men Islands
Reykjavik
"smoking bay," settled in 874
Law Rock
earthquake ridge where Law Speaker recited laws at Althing
Helluland
Baffin Island
870-930
Settlement Age
5th & 6th centuries
when the "ancient times" sagas took place
10th & 11th centuries
when the "former times" sagas took place
12th & 13th centuries
when the "contermporary times" sagas took place
930-1030
Saga Age
793
Vikings attacked Lindisfarne (795 they attacked Ireland)
874
Reykjavik settled
870
discovery of Iceland
930
Althing established
1262
end of Icelandic Commonwealth
986
Eirik the Red sends 25 ships to Greenland, discovery of Greenland by Bjarni Herjolfsson
1075
earliest literary mention of Vinland
1000
Leif Eriksson made voyage for Vinland, Scandinavia accepts Christianity
1380
Iceland comes under Danish control
1918
Icelandic home rule
1944
Iceland's independence
Althing
chieftain assembly of Iceland, established 930
Segja
to speak, say
"ancient times"
heroic tales of Germanic tribes based on 5th-6th centuries
"former times"
1st settlers & early generations, based on 10th-11th centuries
"contemporary times"
12th & 13th centuries, have known authorship
Sturlunga sagas
sagas of leading families & Icelandic bishops
Ultima Thule
northernmost island of world
knorr
ships carrying about 20 people with livestock, timber, food supplies, etc.
Bragi Boddason
earliest named poet
Eddic
older poems that deal with myths and heroes
skaldic
stylistic poems written for the elite by named poets
drottkvaett
court meter consisting of 8 lines
drapa
"best" poetry, uses end refrain
trochaic rhythm
"strong/weak" pattern of poetry
Sigurd Nordal
Wrote Hrafnketla in 1940, a proponent of the book prose theory
free prose
relies heavily on oral tradition and historical accuracy
book prose
relies on role of literary authorship
Thaettir (sing.)
"tale," or a short, embedded tale with a saga
1056
first Icelandic bishop in office
Isleif Gissurarson
1st bishop consecrated to serve Iceland
Gissur
Isleif Gissurarson's son, became bishop & granted bishopric to northern area of Iceland
Andreas Heusler
coined phrases "free prose" and "book prose" in The Originas of the Icelandic Saga in 1913
Knut Liestol
wrote The Origin of the Icelandic Family Saga in 1929, collected a number of features found in the sagas peculiar to them and attributed them to the free prose theory
Bjorn Magnusson Olsen
attributed with the development of the book prose theory