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20 Cards in this Set

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For freud what motivates behavior
development is driven by biological maturation and behavior is motivated by the need to satisfy basic drives
what is the dominant metaphor for freud
an individual buffeted about by many forces both internal and externsal that the individual doesnt understand and can't control
What is development driven by in Erikson's theory
a series of age related development crises or tasks thast the individual must resolve in order for the individual to have a heal;thy development
What are the major developmental issues that play prominant roles in psycho analytic thinking and how does it interact with the theories
continuity dis continuity,individual differences and nature/nurture-there are different discontinuous stages but there is a continuity of individual differences and early experiences shape subsequent development based on how the experiences relate to the different biological stasges
Whaty are the four main lasting contributions of freud
-early experiences important in development
-subjective experience of the individual is more important than the objective reality
-the unconscious mind influencing us and acting with out a person' awareness
-the importance of close personal relationshiops
What are the three major components of freud's theories
-5 biologically motivated
stages of development
-motivation springing froim drives and the reduction of those drives
-basic structures of personality
What characterizes each of Erikson's stages
A specific crisis or developmental issue that must be resolved-if not done before next stage or maturation then person will cintinue to struggle with it
What is Erikson's first stage of development
basic trust vs mistrust-1st yr-crisis: sense of trust in others/sense of self worth-mother is reliable and caregiving and fosters sense of trust in infant-baby comes to be reassured and feel good by being close to other people-if not individual will have difficulties forming intimate relationships
What is Erikson's second stage of development
Autonomy vs Shame and doubt-1-3 years-crisis: maintain autonomy with demands- increase in real world competence in motor skills, language,and cognitive abilities foster desires to make decisions for themselves-if parents are supportive then child gains sense of autonomy-if child is subjected to ridicule, severe punishment or shame they may doubt their abilities or feel a general sense of shame
What is Erikson's third stage of development
Initiative vs. Guilt-4-6 yrs-crisis: balance goals w/ internalized conduct- child wants to be like parents and is continually setting goals for self-parents standards are internalized and guilt is felt when failing to attain them-if parents are not punitive or overly controling the child will develop high standards and the initiative to meet them with out being crushed by worry about not being able to measure up
What is Erikson's fourth stage of development
Industry vs Inferiority-6yrs to puberty-crisis: master skills to fit with culture-they learn cognitive and socila skills for their culture, work industriously and play well w/ others-if successful gives a feeling of confidence-failure to master these skills can lead to feelings of inadequacy and inferiority
What is Erikson's fifth stage of development
Identity vs. Role Confusion-adolescence to early adult hood-Kids in adolescence are going thru bodily changes and expetation changes from others-they are asked to know who they are and whrer they are going in life-if they don't resolve the question of who they really are they may live in confusion as adults
What are the weaknesses of Freud and Erikson's theories
their theoretical claims are too general and vague to be tested and are viewed as questionable
What are the weaknesses of Freud and Erikson's theories
their theoretical claims are too general and vague to be tested and are viewed as questionable
What is the weakness of old ideas of learning theories
they emphasize environment and external stimulus and do not take the active role of childrten into account
what are the central developmental issues associated with Learniung Theories
-continuity/discontinuity-they say dev. is continuous with no discernable stages
-mechanisms of change-learning principals such as reinforcement and observational learning
-research and children's welfare-their findings have been widely used to treat children's problems
What is the weakness of old ideas of learning theories
they emphasize environment and external stimulus and do not take the active role of childrten into account
Who is watson and what was his deal
He is considered to be the founder of behaviorism who said environment was everything - giving children fixed eating schedules to keep them from crying for attention in between-advised parents to achieve distance and objectivity when dealing with their parents-came up with systematic desensitization
what are the central developmental issues associated with Learning Theories
-continuity/discontinuity-they say dev. is continuous with no discernable stages
-mechanisms of change-learning principals such as reinforcement and observational learning
-research and children's welfare-their findings have been widely used to treat children's problems
Who is watson and what was his deal
He is considered to be the founder of behaviorism who said environment was everything - giving children fixed eating schedules to keep them from crying for attention in between-advised parents to achieve distance and objectivity when dealing with their parents-came up with systematic desensitization