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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What topics are involved in cognitive development
2 p 127
what topics are involved in social development
3 p127
what is the common label for piagets theories
constructivist
what are the three most important of children's constructive processes
making hypothesis, performing experiments, draweing conclusions
What are the central properties of piaget's stage theory
Qualitative change, Broad applicability, Brief transitions, invariant sequence
What are the limitations in the sensory motor stage?
Their intelligence is bound by their immediate perceptions and actions-there is no symbolic thought
What are piaget's stages and when do the occur
p 131
What are the limitations in the preoperational stage?
they are unable to perform operations(reversable mental activities) on symbolic thought ex. liquid in glasses
their intelligence is bound by their immediate perceptions and actions
What are the limitations in the concrete operational stage?
operations occur but only on concrete objects they have difficulty thinking in abstract terms
What are the limitations in the formal operational stage?
None they think about concrete and abstract or hypothetival thing and do systematic experiments and draw appropriate conclusions
What are operations
reasoning-reversable mental activities
what is meant by constructivist
knowledge is built on previous knowledge-emphasiaes active role-action as basis of knowledge-children are like little scientists
wha t are piaget's nature nurture qualities
we are all born with reflexes-sucking and kicking-curiosity is inate
what are the ages and charc of sensory motor stage
birth to 2 years-working toward voluntary control over actions- motor actions working towards goals
Waht goes on in the primary, secondary and tertiary phases of the sensory motor stage
prim-lip smacking
sec-involves only own body and not outside world
tert-repetitive actions to create a novel event
up to what age do children assume out of sight out of mind no concept of object perm
under 8 months
In a not b error waht is the age limits
they won't find it from 8-12 months but at about one year they will discover it under the other towel
what are the ages of preoperational and what develops
ages2-7 years-THEY GAIN SYMBOLIC SCHEMES:LANGUAGE AND pretend play
What happens in the conservation video
4 1/2 yr old couldnt tell the diff between same number of candles spread apart and put together- 7 yr old could
concepts: rigid form of decision making-perception bound-irreversable can't think back to what happened
What is centration
focusing on one element of a problem and being unable to take more than one alement into consideration- weights on fulcrum and trains on tracks
In what piaget stage can children seriate and what is it
concrete operational-If stick a>b and b>c then a>c
what do concrete ops need to be able to seriate
they need concrete objects in front of them other wise it's difficult- telling them a story format and they fail
What are the ages and char.s of fomalal ops
age 12 and up-can use abstract operations-hypothetical deductive reasoning-can see thet there may be more than one answer and will try to formulate those
What happens in the conservation video
4 1/2 yr old couldnt tell the diff between same number of candles spread apart and put together- 7 yr old could
concepts: rigid form of decision making-perception bound-irreversable can't think back to what happened
What is centration
focusing on one element of a problem and being unable to take more than one alement into consideration- weights on fulcrum and trains on tracks
In what piaget stage can children seriate and what is it
concrete operational-If stick a>b and b>c then a>c
what do concrete ops need to be able to seriate
they need concrete objects in front of them other wise it's difficult- telling them a story format and they fail
What are the ages and char.s of fomalal ops
age 12 and up-can use abstract operations-hypothetical deductive reasoning-can see thet there may be more than one answer and will try to formulate those
What are the weaknesses of piaget's theories
-stages aren' as rigid
-more cultural variation than assumed
-understates social components of cognitive development
-infants and children are more competent than he assumed
-vague about the cognitivre processes-it's very general
what are the strenghts of piagets theories
ties between action and cognition
Nature of active exploration