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61 Cards in this Set

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A state of awareness
Consciousness
The splitting off to two conscious activities that occur at the same time.
Divided Consciousness
Associated with divided consciousness
Ernest Hilgard
Mental processes that occur without conscious awareness.
Unconscious Mind
We pay attention to one voice and tune out the other
Cocktail Party Phenomenon
A relaxed state of dreamlike awareness between wakefulness and sleep.
Hypagogic State
An abrupt movement that sometimes occurs during the hynagogic state in which the sleeper often experiences a sense of falling.
Myoclonia
Levels of deep sleep
4
Measures the depth of sleep.
Electroencephalogram (EEG)
"Rapid eye Movement", often accompanies dreams.
REM
Associated with dream sleep and body changes; like twitches.
Autonomic Storm
Dreams that are less visual, emotional, and have only fragmented impressions.
Non- REM Dreams
Dream content that is similar to one's waking life.
Day Residue
Stimuli that occur during sleep and then incorporate themselves into the dream.
Stimulat Incorporation
According to Freud, the true meaning of dreams found in the symbols of the manifest content.
Latent Content
According to Freud, the literal or real meaning of dreams.
Manifest Content
Missing sleep we need.
Sleep Debt
The sleep inhibiting system needs the sleep to rest and replenish.
Restorative Theory
Created the Restorative Theory of Sleep
Allan Hobson
Theory that we sleep at night to protect ourselves from night vision animals and for reasons associated with not being able to see in the dark.
Protective Theory of Sleep
Created the Protective Theory of Sleep
Wilse Webb
Terrifying kinds of dreams.
Nightmares
Upsetting dreams usually in preschool children during non-REM sleep
Night terrors
Talking during any phase of sleep cycle.
Sleeptalking
Waking and carrying on complicated activities during sleep.
Sleep walking
A disorder in which the person falls asleep during a waking activity.
Narcolepsy
The sudden interruption of breathing during sleep.
Sleep Apnea
Altered State in which body is left behind and observed, body is distorted, or time passes differently.
Distortins of Perceptions
Altered state in which there is joy, ecstatic, loving, and tranquil experiences
Intense Positive emotions
Altered state described as "I exist as a separate person, yet I am one with the Universe."
Illogical
Altered state with feeling of being one with nature or blended with the Universe.
Sense of Unity
Altered state where individuals usually feel that words cannot adequately express the nature of their experience.
Indescribable
Altered state is experienced as transcending--going beyond-- what is normally experienced.
Transcendent
Altered state in which insights are experienced that concern "ultimate reality" and are felt to be "real" in a way that requires no proof.
Self-evident reality
Several methods of focusing concentration away from thoughts and feelings and generating a sense of relaxation.
Meditation
Words or sounds containing religious meaning that are used during meditation.
Mantras
An Altered State of consciousness in which the individual is highly relaxed and susceptible to suggestions.
Hypnosis
A sense of deep relaxation and peacefulness exists, often accompanied by changes in the way the body feels, such as floating or sinking.
Relaxation
When told to do so, the person may see, feel, or hear things that don't exist.
Hypnotic hallucinations
When told to do so, the person may lose sense of touch or pain in some region of the body.
Hypnotioc analgesia
The person can sometimes be made to feel that he/she is passing back in time to an earlier state of life.
Hypnotic age regression
The actions of hypnotized individuals sometimes seem as if they are out of their own control.
Hypnotic control
The perceptual experience of one's body or surroundings becoming distorted or unreal.
Depersonalization
Depersonalization that includes the illusion that the mid has left the body.
Astral Projection
Reduce the activity of inhibitory centers of the central nervous system, leading to a sense of relaxation and lowered inhibitions.
Depressants
Drugs that increase the activity of motivational centers and decrease action in inhibitory centers of the central nervous system, providing a sense of energy.
Stimulants
Produce dreamlike alterations in perceptual experience.
Hallucinogens
Common household chemicals that are put to dangerous use by being inhaled, with produces feelings of intoxication.
Inhalants
The body adjusts to such a degree that when the drug is present, the body cannot function properly and the person experiences painful _______ symptoms.
Withdrawal
As ________ for the drug increases, larger doses are needed to produce the same effects on consciousness.
Tolerance
drugs that increase the activity of motivational centers in the brain, providing a sense of energy and well-being. ex: caffeine and nicotine
Stimulants
Powerful stimulants that produce a conscious sense of increased energy and euphoria.
Amphetamines
Drugs that reduce the activity of the central nervous system, leading to a sense of relaxation, and lowered inhibitions.
Depressants
Depressants that in mild doses produce a state of calm relaxation.
sedatives
Milder drugs that are similar to sedatives in that they typically produce a sense of calm relaxation for a period of time.
Tranquilizers
Powerful and highly addictive depressants.
Narcotics
Toxic substances that produce a sense of intoxication when inhaled.
Inhalants
Drugs that alter perceptual experience.
Hallucinogens
A popular consciousness-altering drug that generally produces a sense of relaxation and well-being.
Marijuana
Drugs that have not yet been classified as illegal
Designer Drugs
Combinations of high doses of powdered caffeine and some over-the-counter decongestants produce some of the effects of amphetamine.
Act-like Drugs