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25 Cards in this Set

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A series of strategies designed to find and formulate information into writing.
a. planning
b. purpose
c. drafting
d. revising
Planning
A series of strategies designed to organize and develop a sustained piece of writing.
a. planning
b. purpose
c. drafting
d. revising
Drafting
A series of strategies designed to reexamine and reevaluate the choices that have created a piece of writing.
a. planning
b. purpose
c. drafting
d. revising
Revising
The overall design that follows a piece of writing.
a. planning
b. purpose
c. drafting
d. revising
Purpose
This form attempts to argue that because 2 things are alike in one way they are alike in another way.
a. Red Herring
b. Faulty Analogy
c. Either-or
d. Ad hominem
Faulty Analogy
An unrelated issue is use to divert attention from the main point of discussion is called a ________.
a. Red Herring
b. Faulty Analogy
c. Either-or
d. Ad hominem
Red Herring
This states a position as either "A" or "B" and provides no other choices or options.
a. Red Herring
b. Faulty Analogy
c. Either-or
d. Ad hominem
Either-or
Latin for "to the man" this distorts a discussion by attacking the opponents character.
a. Red Herring
b. Faulty Analogy
c. Either-or
d. Ad hominem
Ad hominem
Conclusions drawn from inadequate evidence.
a. Hasty Generalization
b. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
c. Begging the Question
d. Non-sequitur
Hasty Generalization
A circular argument, part of what is to be proved is assumed to be true.
a. Hasty Generalization
b. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
c. Begging the Question
d. Non-sequitur
Begging the Question
(Latin for after this, therefore because of this) one event caused the other by coming before it.
a. Hasty Generalization
b. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
c. Begging the Question
d. Non-sequitur
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
A conclusion that does not follow the evidence.
a. Hasty Generalization
b. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
c. Begging the Question
d. Non-sequitur
Non-sequitur
The main idea to be developed in an essay or paragraph.
a. Thesis Statement
b. Topic Sentence
c. Hypothesis
d. Generalization
Topic Sentence
Working purpose.
a. Thesis Statement
b. Topic Sentence
c. Hypothesis
d. Generalization
Hypothesis
What are the three key elements of writing?
Subject, Audience, and Purpose
List and explain the three stages of the writing process.
Planning - a series of strategies to find and put information in writing.

Drafting - A series of strategies to organize and develop writing.

Revising - Series of strategies designed to re-exam and re-evaluate choices made to create the writing.
List five Thinking-in-Writing strategies.
1. Listing
2. Free-writing
3. Speculating
4. Reading
5. Interviewing
List and explain the 3 characteristics of a good thesis statement.
1. Unified - 1 independent clause

2. Restricted - making sure enough can be handled in the space provided.

3. Precise - Not open to interpretation
List and Discuss the 3 types of evidence used in a formal argument.
1. Facts - Truths that cannot be debated.

2. Judgments - Conclusions inferred from the facts.

3. Testimony - Eyewitness or expert witnesses, affirms the facts.
List and explain the criteria used for evaluating the evidence.
1. Pertinent - Does it directly pertain to the topic.

2. Verifiable - Can it be proven by additional information and facts.

3. Reliable - Can the evidence be trusted, or from a respectable source.
In constructing "their side" of a formal argument, what are the 3 common signs of unfairness?
1. Distorting
2. Slanting
3. Quoting out of context
List and explain the 4 most common methods of arranging evidence.
1. Induction - Specific evidence and then a general conclusion

2. Deduction - A general statement that moves toward a specific conclusion (major premise, minor premise, conclusion)

3. Claims and Warrants - (Toulnin Argument) Begins with a claim, provide evidence and a statement that connects the 2, and is called a warrant.

4. Accommodations - "Non-Threatening Argument" - Make an objective description of a problem, draft statements for the opposing sides, and then provide evidence to support both sides.
List and explain the 3 basic appeals of arguments.
1. Emotional Appeal - thought of as not as good or forceful. Must promote emotional engagement with the appeal.

2. Ethical Appeal - The character and morality of the writer is the basis for this type of appeal.

3. Logical Appeal - Most forceful type of appeal. rational methods are used to constitute this appeal.
List 5 techniques which may be used in introductory paragraphs.
1. Quotations
2. Direct Statements
3. Dramatic Episode
4. Antidote
5. Factual Information
List 4 techniques that can be used to close a paragraph.
1. Restatement and recommendations
2. Prediction
3. Resolution
4. Quotation