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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Indian empire that dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
Aztec
At the time of the Spanish Conquest, the Native Americans' economy was based on what?
Agriculture
The eastern third of what is now the United States was inhabited by whom?
Woodland Indians
_____ ______ in North America tended to divide tasks according to gender (male or female).
Indian Societies
Paralleling the rise of commerce in Europe and was also in part responsible for the European rise in commerce.
United and powerful Nation States
Partly due to Columbus' voyages, ____ replaced _____ as the foremost seafaring nation.
Spain replaced Portugal
Through daring, brutality, and greed conquistadors made possible the creation of a ____ _____ in America.
Spanish Empire
What happened as most Indians began to convert to Catholicism?
Most Indians continued to practice their native religion
What was the MOST profound thing introduced to America as the Native Americans and Europeans first met?
European Disease
What was more important to Europe than the gold and silver from the new country?
New crops that could feed larger numbers of people
In matrilineal Indian and African Societies, who play a major or dominant role?
Women
When did the African slave trade begin?
As early as the 18th century
What cause the slave trade to increase dramatically in the 16th. century?
Rising European demands for sugar
Bringing Christianity to the Indian WAS or WAS NOT a reason for English colonization?
WAS NOT
According the the Mercantile Theory, what could make a nation strong?
Exporting more than they Imported
These were members of the Church of England that believed that the church had not given up a lot of the Roman Churches practices?
Puritans
As a result of what happened in Ireland, the English believed what?
They should maintain a strict separation from the native populations
This country produced the most successful fur trappers and traders.
France
Where was the first Permanent English settlement?
Jamestown, Virginia
This is the man whom Queen Elizabeth granted the land that the "Lost Colony was planted on?
Sir Walter Raleigh
(True or False)
The Aztec capital on present day Mexico City was called Cuzco.
False
(True or False)
The large Indian trading center in the Mississippi River Valley near present day St. Louis was Cahokia.
True
(True or False)
The Iroquios Confederation consisted of tribes in the southernmost region of the eastern seaboard.
False
(True or False)
All Native Indian tribes traced their families through their father's line.
False
(True or False)
By the end of the first voyage Columbus knew he had not reached China.
False
(True or False)
Cortes might not have been able to defeat the Aztecs had it not been for the small pox outbreak in the Indian population.
True
(True or False)
The oldest permanent European settlement in the United States is St. Augustine.
True
(True or False)
The Catholic Church was as important as Brutality and force in the Spanish colonization of America.
True
(True or False)
Encomiendas were large estates or land grants.
True
(True or False)
New Mexico brought Spain almost as much gold and silver as Mexico did.
False
(True or False)
The most important crop taken from America by Spain back to Europe was Squash.
False
(True or False)
Europeans justified their treatment of the Indians because they considered them to be uncivilized savages.
True
(True or False)
Spaniards seldom inter-married with the Native Indians.
False
(True or False)
Mercantilism was a theory that discouraged colonization.
False
(True or False)
Charter Companies were business partnerships operating with a monopoly from a monarch for a specific region.
True
(True or False)
The doctrine that God had chosen some people to be saved and others condemned was preached by Martin Luther.
False
(True or False)
The English Reformation began with a dispute between the Pope and the King.
True
(True or False)
England's first experience with colonization was in Virginia.
False
(True or False)
The first settlers in the Hudson River Valley were the Dutch.
True
(True or False)
In 1606 King James exclusive right to settle along the southeast coast or North America to a group of London merchants.
True