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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF FIRST AID?
SAVE LIVES

PREVENT FURTHER INJURY
WHAT ARE THE STEPS IN EVALUATION A VICTIM?
- ASSESS THE SITUATION
- KEEP PATIENT LYING DOWN
- IDENTIFY THE INJURIES
- CHECK FOR CONSCIOUSNESS
- CHECK BREATHING
- CHECK PULSE
- CHECK FOR INJURIES

USE HNSCASPER
HEAD
NECK
SPINE
CHEST
AIRWAY
STOMACH
PELVIC
EXTREMIES
RE-CHECK
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION?
IMPROPERLY CHEWED FOOD
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR HEMORRHAGE (BLEEDING)?
OPEN WOUNDS
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR CARDIAC ARREST?
- LACK OF EXERCISE
- POOR EATING HABITS
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR FRACTURES?
A BREAK IN BONE

- SMIPLE
-COMPOUND
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR BURNS?
- ELECTRICAL
- CHEMICAL
- FIRE/HEAT
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES FOR SHOCK?
- SERIOUS INJURY
- EXTREME COLD
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF AN ARM?
- IMMOBILIZE
- APPLY 2 SPLINTS
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF A LEG?
- IMMOBILIZE
- APPLY 3 SPLINTS
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE JAW?
KEEP RESPIRATORY PASSAGE CLEAR
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE NOSE?
- TILT HEAD BACK
- DO NOT BLOW NOSE
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE SKULL?
KEEP INJURED PERSON LYING DOWN
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE SPINE?
- IMMOBILIZE
- KEEP INJURED PERSON LYING DOWN
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE RIBS?
- MAKE COMFORTABLE
- LEAN ON INJURED SIDE
HOW DO YOU TREAT THE FRACTURE OF THE SHOULDER?
- MAKE COMFORTABLE
- LOOSEN CLOTHING
- SUPPORT INJURY
WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF BLEEDING?
- ARTERIAL - BRIGHT RED BLOOD SPURTS FROM WOUND

- VENOUS - DARK RED BLOOD FLOOWS FROM WOND

- CAPILLARY - BLEEDING IS SLOW
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR BLEEDNG?
- DIRECT PRESSURE - USE W ELVATION

- PRESSURE DRESSING

- INDIRECT PRESSURE - USE W DIRECT PRESSURE & ELEVATION

- TOURNIQUET - USE AS LAST RESORT
WHATARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SHOCK?
- ANXIETY
- NAUSEA
- WEAK PULSE
- THIRST
- PALE SKIN
- SHALLOW BREATHING
- ENLARGED PUPILS
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR SHOCK?
- MAINTAIN OPEN AIRWAY
- CONTROL BLEEDING
- KEEP WARM
- ELEVATE LEGS
- GIVE NOTHING BY MOUTH
- REQUEST MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR CHEMICAL BURNS?
FLUSH AFFECTED AREA W LARGE AMOPUNTS OF WATER OR STERILE SALINE SOLUTION

IF POWDER, BRUSH THEN FLUSH W WATER
WHAT ARE THE DEGREES OF BURN & WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
- FIRST
SLIGHT REDNESS, MILD SWELLING, TENDERNESS & PAIN

- SECOND
SKIN BLISTERS, SEVERE PAIN

- THIRD
EXTENDS THROUGH ALL LAYERS OF SKIN
SKIN MAY LOOK WHITE OR CHARRED
SKIN, MUSCHLE & BONE MAY BE DESTROYED
-PAIN IS ABSENT
HOW DO YOU TREAT A CHEST WOUND?
- SEAL WOUND W OCCLUSIVE PATCH
- GIVE NOTHING TO DRINK
- TREAT FOR SHOCK
HOW DO YOU TREAT ABNOMINAL WOUNDS?
- STOP THE BLEEDING
- KEEP EXPOSED INTESTINES WET
- PLACE DRESSING OVER WOUND
- DO NOT PUSH BACK INTO STOMACH
HOW DO YOU TREAT HEAD WOUNDS?
- GIVE NO MEDS
- LIE VICTIM DOWN
HOW DO YOU TREAT EYE INJURIES?
- COVER BOTTH EYES
- DO NOT PRESS ANYTHING AGAINST EYES
HOW DO YOU TREAT JAW, FACE, NECK INJURIES?
- PROTECT BREATHING
- LIE VICTIM DOWN
WHAT ARE THE METHODS TO TRANSPORT A VICTIM?
16 WAYS

I WIL LIST LATER IF YOU REMIND ME
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR HEAT STROKE?
- ELEVATED BODY TEMPERATURE
- DEHYDRATION
- STOP SWEATING
- NAUSEA
- VOMITTNG
- FATIGUE
- WEAKNESS
- HEADACHES
- MUSCLE CRAMPS
- DIZZINESS
- DIFFICULTY BREATHING
- CONFUSION

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO COOL PLACE
- GIVE COOL WATER
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION?
- HEAVY SWEATING
- PALENESS
- MUSCLE CRAMPS
- TIRED
- WEAKNESS
- DIZZINESS
- HEADACHE
- NAUSEA OR VOMITTING
- FAINTING

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO COOL PLACE
- GIVE COOL WATER W SALT
- TREAT FOR SHOCK
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR HEAT CRAMPS?
MUSCLE SPASMS

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO COOL PLACE
- GENTLY MASSAGE MUSCLES TO RELEIVE SPASMS
- GIVE COOL WATER
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR HYPOTHERMIA?
ABONORMALLY LOW BODY TEMP

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO WARM PLACE
- MONITOR
- RE-WARM
- GIVE WARM LIQUIDS
- REQUEST MEDICAL ASSISTANCE
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR FROST BITE?
ICE CRYSTALS FORM IN TISSUE

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO WARM PLACE
- DO NOT RUB OR MASSAGE
- GENTLY DRY AREA
- DO NOT ALLOW AFFECTED AREA TO BE EXPOSED TO THE COLD
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS & TREATMENT FOR IMMERSON FOOT?
PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO WET/COLD TEMPERATURES JUST ABOVE FREEZING

TREATMENT
- MOVE TO WARM PLACE
- REMOVE WET CLOTHES
- CLEAN W SAOP & WATER
- DRY, ELEVATE & KEEP EXPOSED TO DRY AIR
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF A 9-LINE MEDEVAC REQUEST?
LATER
WHAT IS THE FIRST AID TREATMENT FOR FLASH BURN TO EYES?
APPLY COLDCOMPRESS TTO AFFECTED AREA & TRANSFER TO NEAAREST MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITY
WHAT IS THE FIRST AID TREATMENT FOR CHEMICAL BURN TO EYESS?
FLASH EYES IMMEDIATELY W LARGE AMOUNTS OF WATER OF STERILE SALINE SALUTION
WHAT ARE THE REACTIONS TO COMBAT STRESS?
COMBAT STRESS INCCLUDES ALL PHYSIOLOGICAAL EMOTIONAL STRESSES AS A DIRECT RESULT OF THE DANGERS & MISSIONS DEMANDS OF COMBAT
WHAT ARETHE PHYSICAL & EMOTIONAL REACTIONS FOR MILD REACTIONS?
MAY CAUSE BATTLE &/OR NON-BATTLE INJURIESS THROUGH INATTENTION, CLUMSINESS & RECKLESS BEHAVIOR