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69 Cards in this Set

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what are colonias?
Villages where Mexican Migrant workers lived.
Sacco-Vanzetti Case.
Proved that Americans were terrifed of the radical left. (Two Italians stole two cash boxes - electrocuted because of not necessarily guilt but political beliefs.)
American Civil Liberties Union & John Scopes.
Scopes was willing to go against the anti-evolution laws, the ACLU was backin' him up. Found guilty, exposed ridiculousness of radicals.
Garvey & the Universal Negro Inprovement Association.
Preached that Blacks should seperate themselves from the rest of society and return to Africa.
Who did Hoover run against in the election of 1928?
Republican Smith & Socialist Thomas.
Who was Harding's Secretary of State?
Hughes
Who was Harding's Attorney General?
Daughtrey. He was accused of peddling.
Who was Harding's Veteran's Bureau head?
Forbes. He stole funds from the Bureau.
Who was Harding's Treasury Secretary?
Mellon
Who was Harding's Secretary of the Interior?
Fall. Involved in the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Who was Harding's Secretary of Commerce?
Hoover.
What was the Shepard-Towner Act?
It provided funds for prenatal and day care centers in rural areas to be staffed with public health care nurses.
Who dealt with the Mexican oil-fields ordeal?
Morrow.
Who was Harding's Secretary of Agriculture?
Wallace.
What was the Flood Control Act?
It provided ca$h moneyz for levee buildin along the Mississippi.
What were the Forney-McCumber & Smoot-Hawley Tarriffs?
They raised tarriffs to an all time high. (40% & 60%)
What was the Naval Arms Conference?
The US, Japan, GB, Italy and France agreed to set ship-ratios and halt ship production for ten years.
What was the McNary-Haugen Bill?
The government was going to buy surplus crops and sell the abroad. It was vetoed twice.
What was the Teapot Dome Scandal?
Daughtrey accepted bribes for granting oil leases near Teapot Dome.
What day did the Stock Market Crash?
October 24, 1929. "Black Thursday".
What was the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)?
Made loans to major banks and insurance companies. The govz also gave it $$ to grant state/local governments for job-creating public-works programs.
What was the Farmers' Holiday Association?
Farmers tried to force prices up by withholding grain & livestock from the market.
What was FDR's "brain trust"?
A circle of advisers - Tugwell & Berle. Advocated federal economic planning.
Who was Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor?
Francis Perkins. The first woman cabinet member.
Who was Roosevelt's Interior Secretary?
Ickes.
Who was Roosevelt's Secretary of Agriculture?
Wallace.
Who was Roosevelt's Treasury Secretary?
Morganthau
What was the Bank Holiday?
Roosevelt made all banks close. Prompted the Emergency Banking Act. Later prompted the creation of the FDIC.
What was the Home Owner's Loan Corporation (HOLC)?
Helped city-dwellers refinanace mortagages.
What was the Farm Credit Administration?
Provided loans to rural Americans to meet their farm payments.
What were the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)?
Combined work relief with enviromental programs.
What was the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA)?
Provided $500 million for state and local relief agencies. Led by Harry Hopkins.
What was the Agricultural Adjustment Act?
Producers of major agricultural commidities recieved subsidies in return for cutting production. The Agricultual Adjustment Administration led the program.
What was the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)?
Set aside $3.3 billion for heavy-duty public works programs. Ickes ran the Public Works Administration (PWA) which ran this program.
The NIRA also set up another new agency, the National Recovery Administration (NRA). What was it?
Brought together business leaders to set up codes of fair competition. Led by Johnson.
What was the Federal Securities Act?
Required corporations to inform the Federal Trade Commission of all its financial information. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) enforced this law.
What, aside from electricity, did the TVA do for the Tennessee Valley?
Promoted flood control, water recreation, erosion prevention, jobs. Led by Lilienthal.
Why was the NRA deemed unconstitutional?
It gave the prezz too much power, regulated commerce within the states.
What was the Civil Works Administration (CWA)?
Led by Hopkins. Providied jobs for one winter on public-works projects.
What was the American Liberty League?
A conservative anti-Rosey group.
Who was Coughlin?
Led the National Union of Social Justice. Was anti-Rosey.
Who was Townsend?
Proposed that the government pay $200 to all over the age of 60 if they would retire and spend it all.
Who was Huey Long?
Led the "Share-Our-Wealth" Idea. 100% tax on all incomes over $1 million.
How long did the first New Deal last?
1933-1935
What was the major difference between the New Deals?
The first focused on business, the second on people.
What was the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act?
Set aside $5 billion for the poor.
What was the Works Progress Administration (WPA)?
Led by Hopkins. Gave people jobs.
What was Keynesism?
Deficit spending.
What was the Resettlement Administration?
Led by Tugwell. Made loans to tenant farmers to help them buy their own land.
What was the Rural Electrification Administration?
Gave loans to utiliy companies to extend electricity.
What replaced the AAA when it was deemed unconstitutional?
Soil-converstaion Act.
What was the National Labor Relations Act?
Guaranteed bargainning rights, permitted closed shops, and outlawed union-discrimination. Also called the Wagner Act.
What was the Banking Act?
Strengthened the Federal Reserve Board's control over the nation's financial system.
What was the Public Utilities Holding Company Act?
Restricted gas & electric companies to one geographic region.
What was the Wealth Tax Act?
Incomes over $5 million were taxed 75%.
What was the Social Security Act?
Allowed workers to pay for their pensions.
What was the Taylor Grazing Act of 1934?
Restricted grazing on public lands that had contributed to the Dust Bowl problem.
What was the National Planning Board (later the National Resources Planning Board)?
Led by Ickes. Facilitated state & regional management of natural resources.
What was the American Indian Defense Association?
Led by Collier. Pressed for reform of the assimilation practices of the daiz.
What was the Indian Reorganization Act?
Halted the sale of tribal lands & enabled tribes to regain title to unallocated lands.
What was the Farm Tenancy Act?
Created the Farm Security Administration (FSA), which replaced the Resettlement Administration. Bypassed the poorest farmers because of the credit risks.
What was the Housing Act?
Gave $500 million for slum clearance and public housing.
What was the Fair Labor Standards Act?
Banned child labor & set a minimum wage with a maximum work week of 40 hours.
What was the Hatch Act?
Forbid federal employees from participating in electoral campaigns.
What was the Indian Reorganization Act?
Halted the sale of tribal lands & enabled tribes to regain title to unallocated lands.
What was the Farm Tenancy Act?
Created the Farm Security Administration (FSA), which replaced the Resettlement Administration. Bypassed the poorest farmers because of the credit risks.
What was the Housing Act?
Gave $500 million for slum clearance and public housing.
What was the Fair Labor Standards Act?
Banned child labor & set a minimum wage with a maximum work week of 40 hours.
What was the Hatch Act?
Forbid federal employees from participating in electoral campaigns.