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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cross-cultural literacy
understanding how the culture o a country affects the way business is practiced
abstract ideas about what asociety believes to be good, right, and desirable
social rules and guidelines that prescribed appropriate behavior in particular situations
group of people who share a common set of values and norms
routine conventions of everyday life
norms seen as central to the functioing of a society and to its social life
an association of two or more individuals who have a shared sense of indentity and who interact with each other in structured ways on the basis of a common set of expectations about each other's behavior
social strata
hierarchical social categories often based on family background, occupation, and income
social mobility
the extent to which individuals can move out of the social strat a into which they are born
caste system
a system of social stratification in which social position is determined by the family into which a person is born, and change in that position is usually not possible during an individual's lifetime
class system
a system of social stratification in which social status is determined by the family into which a person is born and by subsequent sociaeconomic achievements. mobility between classes is possible
class consciousness
a tendency for individuals to perceive themselves in terms of their class background
a system of shared beliefs and rituals concerned with the realm of the sacred
ethical sytems
cultural beliefs about what is proper behavior and conduct
power distance
theory of how a society deals with the fact that people are unequal in physical and intellectual capabilities. high power distance cultures are found in countries that let inequailties grow over time into inequalities of power and wealth. low power distance cultures are found in societies that try to play down such inequalities as much as possible
individualism versus collectivism
theory focusing on the relationship between the individuals and his or her fellows. in individualistic societies, the ties between indiviudals are loose and indivudal achievement is highly valued. in societies where collectivisim is emphasized, ties between indiviuals are tight, people are born into collectives, such as extended families, and everyone is supposed to look after the interests of his or her collectives
uncertainty avoidance
extend to which cultures socialize members to accept ambiguous situations and to tolerate uncertainty
masculinity versus femininity
theory of the rlationship between gender and work roles. in mascultine cultures, sex roles are sharply differentiated and traditional masculines values such as achievemetn and the effective exercise of power determine cultural ideals. in feminine cultures, sex roles are less sharply distinguished, and little differentiation is made between men and women in the same job
confucian dynamism
theory that confucian teachings affect attitudes toward time, persistence, ordering by status, protection of face, respect for tradition, and reciprocation of gifts and favors