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10 Cards in this Set

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________ is the slow and reduced range of motion associated w/ parkinsonism.

________ is the delay in the initiation of movements, also seen in the inability to stop movement once it has begun.
bradykinesia and akinesia.
Where is the source of dopamine producing neurons?
substantia nigra.
what causes neuroleptic parkinsonism?
2nd most common cause of Parkinsonism.

Caused by long-term use of antipyschotic drugs called neuroleptics.

side-effects: tremor, ridgity, bradykinesia.
How can traumatic head injury cause parkinsonism?
Single or repeated head injury can selectively damage the substantia nigra or basal ganglia.
Idiopathic Parkinson's Disease is the most common form of _____.
parkinsonism
Describe 2 procedures for increasing prosodic differences in speech.
intonation profiles using lines to intonation changes in written sentences.

Contrastive drills which instruct the client to add stress on key words to change meaning.
Describe 2 procedures for increasing intelligibility.
Intelligibility drills: clinician encourages the patient to read from a list of words/sentences

Phonetic placement in which the patient learns correct articulatory positions prior to speech evaluation.
What is an anticholinergic drug and how does it work to decrease parkinsonism?
drugs which decrease acetyhlcholine activity in the striatum.
Describe a treatment to improve speaking during exhalation.
Have the patient speak immediately upon exhalation using clinician cuing.
________ is characterized by decreased movement, a shuffling "baby step" type of walking, decrease facial expression, and increased muscle tone.

_________ a condition that causes any combination of the types of movement abnormalities.
parkinsonism versus Parkinson’s disease?