Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Diuretics used in hypertinsion
Tiazide- mild
furosemide- moderate-severe
Sympathoplegics
CNS active
alfa 2 agonists: clonidin, methyldopa (activated to become methynorepinephrine
Decrease sympathetic outflow
Sympathoplegics
clonidin edverse effects
severe rebound hypertension if the drug is suddently stopped.
Sympathoplegics
Methyldopa edverse effects
Hemolitic anemia ans sedation
Sympathoplegics
Ganglion blockage
Nicotinic blockers - Hexamethonium and trimethaphan
Advers effects: severe orthostatic hypotension, constipation, blurred vision
sexual dysfunction
Sympathoplegics
Postganglionic blockers
Reserpine
Guanethidine
MAO inhibitors
Sympathoplegics
alfa blockers
release vascular resistance
alfa 1 selective- prozasin
edverse effects- orthostatic hypotension + compensatory tacchycardia
Sympathoplegics
beta blockers
Propranolol
edverse effects- sleep disturbance, sedation, impotence, asthma, cardiac disturbance
Vasodilators
old generation
Hydralazine- release NO from the endothel. tox- tacchycardia ans lupus like syndrome.
Minoxidil- become minoxidil sulfate. K channel opener/
Tox- hirsutism' pericardial abnormalities
Vasodilators
Ca channels blockers
שמות התרופות
Nifedipine, Verapamil, Diltiazem
Vasodilators
Ca channels blockers
Advers effects
constipation, flussing, cardiac disturbance, diziness
Vasodilators
Nitroprusside and Diazoxide
parenteral, given in hypertension emergency
Vasodilators
Nitroprusside effect
Release NO from the drug itself
Tox - hypotension, tacchycardia
Vasodilators
Diazoxide פרוט
opens K channel
reduce insulin release
Tox - hypotension, hyperglycemia
Vasodilators
Fenoldopam
acts on dopamine receptors - arterial vasodilation of short durtion (10min) iv
Angiotensin antagonists
ACE inhibitor- captopril
Angiotensine 2 receptor blocker- losartan
Angiotensin antagonists
captopril effects + toxicity
reduction of AT2, aldosterone
increase in kinin family VD
Tox- cough + renal damage (במיוחד בעובר)