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64 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Guanadrel
Hylorel
Guanethidine
Ismelin
Reserpine
Serpasil
side effects of postganglionic adrenergic neuron blockers
postural hypotension; diarrhea, should not use in patients who are depressed (reserpine)
clonidine
catapres
guanabenz
wytensin
guanfacin
tenex
methyldopa
aldomet
side effects of centrally acting alpha 2 agonists
sedation, dry mouth, bradycardia, withdrawal hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, depression, impotence, sleep disturbances
doxazosin
cardura
prazosin
minipress
terazosin
hytrin
side effects for peripherally acting alpha 1 blockers
postural hypotension, syncope with first dose, wt gain, edema, constipation, priapism, no effects on glucose or cholesterol
hydralazine and side effect
apresoline-lupus syndrome, headaches, fluid retention, tachycardia, neuropathy, postural hypotension
minoxidil and side effects
loniten-hirsutism
acebutolol*
secral*
atenolol*
tenormin*
betaxlol*
kerlone*
bisoprolol*
zebeta*
caretolol
cartrol
metoprolol succinate
toprol XL
metoprolol tartrate
lopressor
nadolol
cargard
penbutolol
levatol
pindolol
visken
propranolol
inderal
timolol
blocarden
what are the side effects of the beta blockers
bronchospasm, bradycardia, heart failure, may mask insulin induced hypoglycemia
carvedilol and side effects
coreg-moderate bile into feces
labetolol
normodyne/trandate-moderate renal and hepatic effects
Diltiazem
Cardizem SR and CD, Dilacor XR, Tiazac
Side effects
Conduction defects, worsening of systolic dysfunction, gingival hyperplasia, nausea and headache
Verapamil
Calan/Isoptin (IR, SR), Covera HS, Verelan PM
Side effects
Conduction defects, worsening of systolic dysfunction, gingival hyperplasia, nausea and headache, constipation
Dihydropyridine
Amlidipine
Norvasc
Felodipine
Plendil
Isradipine
Dynacirc or CR
Nicardipine
Cardene SR
Nifedipine
Procardia XL, Adalact CC
Nisoldipine
Sular
SE of DHP CCB
edema of the ankle, flushing, headache, gingival hyperplasia
Benzapril
lotensin
captopril
capoten
enalapril
vasotec
fosinopril
monopril
lisinopril
prinivil/zestril
moexipril
univasc
peridopril
aceon
quinapril
accupril
ramipril
altace
trandolapril
mavik
side effects of ACEI
cough...can cause hyperkalemia, rask, loss of taste
Cardesartan
Atacand
esprosartan
teveten
irbesartan
avapro
losartan
cozaar
telmisartan
micardis
valsartan
diovan
side effects of ARBS
angioedema and hyperkalemia
hypertensive emergency is defined as
BP >180/120 with acute or ongoing organ damage

Treat immediately
hypertensive urgency is defined as
increase blood pressure in the absence of organ damage
vasodilators used to treat hypertensive emergencies
sodium nitroprusside immediate 1-2min; nicardipine, enalaprilate IV
adrenergic blockers for hypertensive emergencies
labetalol IV bolus then infusion except in HF, esmolol, phentolamine
hypertensive urgency agents
captorpil, clonidine, labetalol